polygamy

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polygamy:

see marriagemarriage,
socially sanctioned union that reproduces the family. In all societies the choice of partners is generally guided by rules of exogamy (the obligation to marry outside a group); some societies also have rules of endogamy (the obligation to marry within a group).
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polygamy

plural marriage involving more than one partner of the other sex; can be either POLYANDRY OR POLYGYNY. Compare MONOGAMY.

Polygamy

 

(1) In animals, a relationship between the sexes whereby one male mates with several females (polygyny) or one female mates with several males (polyandry). Polygyny is characteristic of many mammals. In eared seals (fur seals, sea lions), the dominant male herds a harem of 15 to 80 females, to which several younger males attach themselves. Ungulates (goats, rams, horses, deer) also form herds consisting of a dominant male and several females and other males. Polygyny is characteristic in less marked form of some rodents and insectivores that do not form harems and herds, several birds (many Galliformes, Trochili, Limicolae), and some invertebrates (many insects). Polyandry in animals occurs less frequently; it is observed in some birds, including phalaropus, Turnix, Crypturiformes).

(2) In plants, the simultaneous appearance in the same species of plants of bisexual and unisexual flowers. Both types of flowers may be found on the same or on different specimens (in various combinations). Such plants, which include ash, maple, buckwheat, and snakeweed (Polygonum bistorta), are said to be polygamous.

Polygamy

Bluebeard
chevalier slays his six wives; seventh evades similar fate. [Fr. Fairy Tale: Harvey, 96–97]
David
had many wives. [O.T.: I Samuel 25:43–44; II Samuel 3:2–5]
Draupadi
princess won by Arjuna, brings her home as the wife of all five brothers. [Hindu Lit.: Mahabharata]
Islam
religion permits four wives. [Islam: WB, A:549]
Lamech
first man to have two wives. [O.T.: Genesis 4:19–20]
Mongut of Siam, King 9000
wives and concubines. [Thai. Hist.: Wallechinsky, 279]
Mormons
religious sect; once advocated plural marriage. [Am. Hist.: NCE, 1833]
Muhammad
had a total of ten wives and ten or fifteen concubines. [Islam: Brewer Dictionary, 614]
Solomon 700
wives, princesses, and 300 concubines. [O.T.: I Kings 11:1–8]

polygamy

1. the practice of having more than one wife or husband at the same time
2. 
a. the condition of having male, female, and hermaphrodite flowers on the same plant
b. the condition of having these different types of flower on separate plants of the same species
3. the practice in male animals of having more than one mate during one breeding season
References in periodicals archive ?
The proposal sets out a procedural process by which polygamists can register their marriages as polygamous, add additional spouses over the life of the marriage, and remove spouses from the polygamous marriage.
One of the most infamous polygamists, Warren Jeffs, is serving a life sentence in Texas for sexually assaulting two underage girls he considered his brides.
Tens of thousands of polygamists live in the United States.
One time when Dad had me on his knee in the barn, I asked him if he'd ever give us to the polygamists. He looked away, smiled, and then answered, "Not on your life, Jan Pan Dear.
The judicial defeat of the polygamists in Utah and elsewhere fueled a new determination on the part of male Mormon polygamists to evade prosecution by going underground and by female Mormon polygamists to thwart prosecution either by hiding or perjuring themselves when in court.
Even Andrew Sullivan has trouble finding a reason why gays deserve the right to marry whom they please but polygamists don't.
There are about 30,000 polygamists living in the western part of the US, but only a handful have ever been charged.
THE conviction of a man who lived with his five wives and 25 children may drive other polygamists deeper underground, lawyers warned last night.
Polygamists, patriarchs, and self-proclaimed prophets abound here.
At the church's April 1931 general conference, Grant denounced Fundamentalists "who have palpably sought to bring disgrace upon the church and reproach to its leaders." He also reaffirmed that "we have been and are willing" to assist "the criminal prosecution" of polygamists in addition to excommunicating them.(44) When Clark became Grant's counselor in 1933, the church campaign against polygamy intensified.
Yet Bennion uses it in phrases such as "Mormon polygynous community" and "Mormon fundamentalism" to refer to contemporary polygamists who are not members of the Mormon (LDS) church.