Polyneuritis


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Related to Polyneuritis: polyneuritis cranialis

polyneuritis

[¦päl·i·nu̇′rīd·əs]
(medicine)
Degenerative or inflammatory lesions of several nerves simultaneously, usually symmetrical. Also known as multiple neuritis.

Polyneuritis

 

multiple inflammation of the nerves. The principal causes of polyneuritis are infectious, particularly viral, diseases; intoxications, usually those caused by alcohol; and metabolic disturbances occurring with diabetes mellitus and uremia. Polyneuritis may arise with such avitaminoses as beriberi and as an occupational disease, for example, with vibration sickness or the chronic effects of cold. Usually the radices of the spinal nerves are affected (polyradiculoneuritis), the peripheral nerves, and the cranial nerves. Sometimes the central nervous system is also affected (encephalomyeloradiculoneuri-tis).

References in periodicals archive ?
Clinically, the classical disease manifestation of Marek's disease is polyneuritis and paralysis, which carries a grave prognosis because there is no effective treatment.
It is important to consider the occurrence of other treatable causes of motor paralysis in patients with Graves' disease, such as acute idiopathic polyneuritis presenting with a rapid onset of flaccid paralysis.
1956) An unusual variant of acute idiopathic polyneuritis (syndrome of ophthalmoplegia, ataxia and areflexia).
Infant botulism can be manifested by a broad spectrum of symptoms that early in the disease may mimic those of sepsis, dehydration, viral syndrome, pneumonia, idiopathic hypotonia, meningitis, failure to thrive, hypothyroidism, metabolic encephalopathy, amino acid metabolic disorder, heavy metal poisoning (Pb, Mg, As), electrolyte imbalance, drug ingestion, poliomyelitits, medium-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase, brain stem encephalitis, myasthenia gravis, viral polyneuritis, Guillain-Barre syndrome, Hirschsprung disease, or Werdnig-Hoffman disease.
In 1982, a patient with altered mental status, seizures, progressive spastic paraparesis, and coma, and a patient with acute polyneuritis were described (9-11) Another patient with encephalopathy, cranial nerve palsy, and hepatitis occurring during a secondary dengue infection was described in 1985 (10).
Another patient died of polyneuritis like feature developing 10 days after cure after returning from Patna.
12] deficiency anemia can lead to serious neurological complications, such as polyneuritis and optic neuritis (Andres et al.
Acute idiopathic polyneuritis and idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura.
Skin ulcers and the complications of airway obstruction, myocarditis, polyneuritis, and acute tubular necrosis may also occur.
Eyach virus is found in Europe and is a tick-borne disease causing encephalitis and polyneuritis.
Concentric needle EMG examination of the proximal and distal muscles of the arms, other than the abductor pollicis brevis muscles, and the muscles of the legs were normal excluding the possibility of a brachial plexitis, radiculitis, or polyneuritis.
In fact, with the exception of the relative surge of new pathologies like polyneuritis and the slight increase of some morbidity indicators during the first years of the decade, all health indicators have remained the same or improved towards the end of the 1990s, including infant mortality rates, hospital and community services and life expectancy.