Polyneuritis


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Related to Polyneuritis: polyneuritis cranialis

polyneuritis

[¦päl·i·nu̇′rīd·əs]
(medicine)
Degenerative or inflammatory lesions of several nerves simultaneously, usually symmetrical. Also known as multiple neuritis.

Polyneuritis

 

multiple inflammation of the nerves. The principal causes of polyneuritis are infectious, particularly viral, diseases; intoxications, usually those caused by alcohol; and metabolic disturbances occurring with diabetes mellitus and uremia. Polyneuritis may arise with such avitaminoses as beriberi and as an occupational disease, for example, with vibration sickness or the chronic effects of cold. Usually the radices of the spinal nerves are affected (polyradiculoneuritis), the peripheral nerves, and the cranial nerves. Sometimes the central nervous system is also affected (encephalomyeloradiculoneuri-tis).

References in periodicals archive ?
Caution, however, must be exercised because an increased cerebrospinal fluid protein level occurs in other forms of acute and chronic polyneuritis.
In 1911 Funk isolated a pyrimidine-related concentrate from rice polishings that was curative for polyneuritis in pigeons [1, 2].
Arthralgia and/or arthritis (usually transient and rarely chronic), and polyneuritis are features of infection with wild-type rubella and vary in frequency and severity with age and gender, being greatest in adult females and least in prepubertal children.
Arthralgia and/or arthritis (usually transient and rarely chronic), and polyneuritis are features of natural rubella and vary in frequency and severity with age and sex, being greatest in adult females and least in prepubertal children.
Both PDD and mammalian Borna disease share many attributes, including a viral encephalitis and polyneuritis with selective destruction of Purkinje cells, lymphocyte infiltration, and dysfunction of the central, peripheral, and autonomic nervous systems (29-31).
Meningitis, encephalitis, acute flaccid paralysis (poliomyelitis), mononeuritis, polyneuritis, and Reye syndrome constitute most of the illnesses (4).
Polyneuritis and myositis in Trypanosoma gambiense infection.