Polyneuritis


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Related to Polyneuritis: polyneuritis cranialis

polyneuritis

[¦päl·i·nu̇′rīd·əs]
(medicine)
Degenerative or inflammatory lesions of several nerves simultaneously, usually symmetrical. Also known as multiple neuritis.

Polyneuritis

 

multiple inflammation of the nerves. The principal causes of polyneuritis are infectious, particularly viral, diseases; intoxications, usually those caused by alcohol; and metabolic disturbances occurring with diabetes mellitus and uremia. Polyneuritis may arise with such avitaminoses as beriberi and as an occupational disease, for example, with vibration sickness or the chronic effects of cold. Usually the radices of the spinal nerves are affected (polyradiculoneuritis), the peripheral nerves, and the cranial nerves. Sometimes the central nervous system is also affected (encephalomyeloradiculoneuri-tis).

References in periodicals archive ?
1) Electromyography is an alternative tool to aid in the antemortem recognition of polyneuritis, often associated with Marek's disease.
1956) An unusual variant of acute idiopathic polyneuritis (syndrome of ophthalmoplegia, ataxia and areflexia).
Guillain-Barre syndrome, also known as acute inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy, acute idiopathic polyneuritis, and Landry's ascending paralysis, is a rare neuromuscular disorder characterized by an acute, ascending neuropathy.
In fact, with the exception of the relative surge of new pathologies like polyneuritis and the slight increase of some morbidity indicators during the first years of the decade, all health indicators have remained the same or improved towards the end of the 1990s, including infant mortality rates, hospital and community services and life expectancy.
An occurrence of polyneuritis by n-hexane in the polyethylene laminating plants.
In 1897, he discovered that the disease known as polyneuritis in animals and beriberi in humans could be induced in chickens and pigeons by a diet restricted to polished rice.
The clinical course of this type of rabies is slower, and the differential diagnosis includes GuillainBarre syndrome, poliomyelitis, postvaccine neuroparalytic reactions, herpes simplex virus encephalitis, and acute immune-mediated polyneuritis.
The chicken polyneuritis showed symptoms similar to beriberi, and Eijkman was busily studying the disease and checking on its contagiousness-when it suddenly disappeared and all the chickens got well.
Afebrile convulsions or seizures, aseptic meningitis (see below), Bell's palsy, cerebrovascular accident, dizziness, dream abnormality, encephalitis (see below), encephalopathy (see below), Guillain-Barre syndrome, headache, hypersomnia, measles inclusion body encephalitis (see CONTRAINDICATIONS), ocular palsies, paraesthesia, polyneuritis, polyneuropathy, subacute sclerosing panencephalitis (see below), syncope, transverse myelitis, tremor.
Diphtherial paralysis: an analysis of 2,292 cases of diphtheria in adults, which included 174 cases of polyneuritis.