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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



an order of fungi from the class Basidiomycetes which includes around 4,000 species. Aphyl-lophorales have an open (gymnocarpous) hymenophore which is smooth or shaped in spines, folds, or tubules which have grown together with the flesh. Sometimes there are twisting processes and plates. The fruiting bodies of the Aphyllophorales vary from being resupinate to rising over the substrate in the form of bent-back caps, caps with a lateral or central stalk, and hoof-shaped, club-shaped, bush-shaped, and other types of caps. The fungi are annuals or perennials. They may be weblike, waxy, leathery, corklike, woody, or meaty. Saprophytes live on dead wood and in the soil; some are parasitic on trees (many Polyporales of the Stereum purpureum species) and grassy plants (Pellicularia filamentosa and others). The Aphyllophorales include the agents of wood rot and also house fungi, the destroyers of the wooden parts of structures. A few Aphyllophorales are edible (chanterelles, certain hedgehog mushrooms and fungi of the Clavarias genus, and individual Polyporales). In terms of the structure of the hymenophore and the fruiting body, the order is divided into several families: Thelephoraceae, Clavariaceae, Hydnaceae, Polyporaceae, and others.


Bondartseva, M. A. Obzor poriadka Aphyllophorales Leningradskoi oblasti. Leningrad, 1963. (Dissertation résumé.)
Stepanova-Kartavenko, N. T. Afilloforovye griby Urala. Sverdlovsk, [1967].


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Similar to [19], Polyporales in this study were divided into several major clades like antrodia, core polyporoid, and phlebiod clades, among which S.
latifolia have fewer genes encoding for the initial lignin degradation (auxiliary activities; formerly FOLymes) compared to those in the closest known brown-rot basidiomycetes such as Fomitopsis pinicola, Antrodia sinuosa, Fibroporia radiculosa, Wolfiporia cocos, and Postia placenta in Polyporales. Similarly, it also contains fewer genes than white-rot fungi.
latifolia and 12 other Polyporales using BLAST against the P450 database (Table 3).
Los generos del orden Polyporales se encontraron 21 en TD y 3 en tronco vivo (TV).
GILBERT & SOUSA (2002) recolectaron cuerpos fructiferos de basidiomicetos Polyporales presentes en manglares de la costa Caribe de Panama, encontrando que, a diferencia de otros bosques tropicales, la comunidad de hongos Poliporales en el manglar estudiado se encontraba dominada por pocas especies altamente especificas, ya que tres especies de hongos, cada una con una preferencia particular por un hospedero diferente, representaron el 88% del total de hongos colectados, a diferencia de los bosques secos tropicales, en donde se ha encontrado poca evidencia de preferencias de hospedero entre hongos Polyporales degradadores de madera.
Generos de las accesiones de macromicetos del Orden Polyporales encontradas en los recorridos a los tramos de los bosques del Departamento de Caldas con sus principales caracteristicas del habitat reportadas.
Adiciones al catalogo micologico de Castilla-La Mancha (Polyporales s.l.).
It is interesting to note that none of the oligophagous ciids were mostly associated with the other 5 Polyporales families, which means that fungi of these families were most frequently explored by polyphagous and monophagous species.
Interafao trofica entre Coleoptera e basidiomas de Polyporales e Hymenochaetales (Fungi: Basidiomycota).
1 Phellinus sp.2 Phellinus sp.3 Polyporales Boreostereaceae Mycobonia flava (Sw.) Fr.
(Corol, Tax, Ascomycota, Polyporales, Agaricales, o).