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(cross rhythm), in music, the simultaneous use of two or more different rhythmic patterns. In general, “polyrhythm” means the combining of any rhythmic patterns. It was the norm for European polyphonic music, beginning with the 12th-century motet. In this general sense, polyrhythm includes the simplest rhythmic combinations (for example, quarter notes in one voice and eighth notes in the other), as well as compound rhythmic combinations, which are defined as polymetry.

In a specialized sense, polyrhythm is the vertical combination of rhythmic patterns characterized by the absence of the smallest unit of time common to all voices (for example, a combination of duplets and triplets, or triplets and quintuplets). This type of polyrhythm is characteristic of works by Chopin, Scriabin, A. Webern, and A. Berg.


References in periodicals archive ?
These "rhythms of reciprocity" are the matrix of the Ringshout Aesthetic, for it is the polyrhythms that articulate a philosophical system of balance and reciprocity between a range of seeming dichotomies that include amongst others, the individual and the collective, the old and new world; the sacred and the secular, the oral and the written; the intellectual and the spiritual; the living, the dead and the unborn.
23) Example 8 illustrates kendang phrases within the pengawak: a duple-based par aphrase of the reong part (first and second lines) (24) sounds until a cueing gesture, shortly preceding the entrance of the gangsas, leads into a polyrhythm of two-against-three (third line).
Jazz arose in the early 1900s as the African genius for polyrhythm merged with European instrumentation and melody.
GLOBALLY recognised for his technical DJ-ing skills and famed for his work as the Jigmastas, Polyrhythm Addicts and various productions with solemusic, Rawkus and Nervous to name but a few, Spinna returns to Glasgow next Sunday night, to the Buddaclub.
Joe Louis appears stage left, pummelling a punch bag, creating an extraordinary polyrhythm with the music performed for the other on-stage virtuosos.
There is no extreme chromaticism here, and little of the nervous syncopation and complex polyrhythm found in some of Castro's other songs - suavity and continuity prevail in these fluent, gently-moving readings.
Little wonder, then, that Fehr and Ruhr's most recent project, Polyrhythm Technoir, 2014-, abandons the art world, looking elsewhere to find the political agency for which the art-student voices in The Production Line of Happiness seem to pine.
Similarly the beginning of the Double Concerto (1961) creates a polyrhythm often different speeds presenting one interval after another, each one associated with a particular speed that is used later in the piece.
The rhythmic movement is that of a gentle lullaby with a prominent floating two versus three polyrhythm.
Polyrhythm (several rhythms jangling in the body simultaneously) is addictive.
and rarely conveys how Zollar manipulates space and polyrhythm.