bluefish

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bluefish,

voracious marine fish of the family Pomatomidae, resembling the pompanopompano
, common name for fishes of the genus Trachinotus, members of a large and important family (Carangidae) of mackerellike fishes, abundant in warm seas around the world.
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 but more closely related to the sea basses (see bassbass
, common name applied to various fishes of Centrarchidae (black basses and sunfishes), Serranidae (sea basses and groupers), Moronidae (temperate basses), and other families.
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, in zoology). Bluefish are found in the warm waters of the Indian Ocean, the Mediterranean Sea, and the Atlantic. They average 30 in. (75 cm) in length and 10 to 12 lb (4.5–5.5 kg) in weight. Their sweet and pleasant-tasting flesh and their streamlined agility make them excellent food and game fish. Bluefish wander erratically in dense schools, feeding on menhaden and mullet and leaving a trail of carnage, for they destroy much more than they consume; they are even known to regurgitate in order to gorge themselves more. Bluefish are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Actinopterygii, order Perciformes, family Pomatomidae.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Bluefish

 

(Pomatomus saltatrix), the only representative of the family Pomatomidae, order Perciformes. The body is elongated (up to 115 cm long) and laterally compressed; weight may reach 15 kg. The scales are cycloid. Bluefish are found in schools in tropical and temperate waters. In the USSR they inhabit the Black and Azov seas. They undergo major seasonal migrations and spawn in stages during the summer. The eggs are laid deep at sea, with productivity of 100,000 to 1 million eggs. Bluefish are predators, feeding on herring, anchovies, and other fishes and are the object of commercial fishing.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

bluefish

[′blü‚fish]
(vertebrate zoology)
Pomatomus saltatrix. A predatory fish in the order Perciformes. Also known as skipjack.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
SC to Itapeva--RS 20 Paralichthys patagonicus Itapeva--RS 14 Paralichthys patagonicus Arroio do Silva--SC 25 Pomatomus saltatrix Average 15.750 Standard deviation 4.031 Location Seahorse Seahorse /Cast (h) Tramandai-RS 1 0.050 Tramandai- RS 1 0.056 Mostarda- RS 1 0.056 Tramandai- RS 1 0.063 Tramandai- RS 1 0.050 1 0.037 9 0.375 5 0.208 1 0.067 1 0.067 3 0.200 Average 1.000 0.055 Standard deviation 0.000 0.005 Bella Torres--SC 6 0.300 Rosa do Mar--SC 8 0.400 In front rio Mampituba 1 0.050 Bella Torres--SC 1 0.250 SC to Itapeva--RS 1 0.022 Itapeva--RS 2 0.044 Arroio do Silva--SC 1 0.500 Average 3.167 0.178 Standard deviation 3.061 0.160 Annex 2.
Relation between Total-Body Weight and Concentrations of Manganese, Iron, Copper, Zinc, and Mercury in White Muscle of Bluefish (Pomatomus saltatrix) and a Bathyl-Demersal Fish Antimora rostrata.
Abstract--The hypothesis that striped bass (Morone saxatilis), bluefish (Pomatomus saltatrix), weakfish (Cynoscion regalis), and species of forage fish would be associated closely with a salinity transition front was tested through sampling and tagging efforts.
Kingcroaker 1,050 43,001 Oligoplites sanrus I rather 1,000 24,176 jacket Peprilus pam American -- 6,461 harvestfish Prionotus punctatus Bluewing 22,400 1,615,631 searobin Pomatomus saltatrix Bluefish 16,130 158,373 Rajidae Rays 1,100 7,152 Rhinobatos spp.
Mutlu, "Heavy metal contaminants in tissues of the garfish, Belone belone L., 1761, and the bluefish, Pomatomus saltatrix L., 1766, from Turkey waters," Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, vol.
507.5 Spotfin mojarra Eucinostomus argenteus 465.4 Gulf menhaden Brevoortia patronus 442.8 Silver seatrout Cynoscion nothus 23.3 Roundel skate Raja texana 411.9 Dwarf sand perch Diplectrum bivittatum 362.7 Bluefish Pomatomus saltatrix 56.3 Rock seabass Centropristis philadelphica 55.3 Wenchman Pristipomoides aquilonaris 270.5 Herring (genus) Alosa spp.
Key consumers of tomcod, among others, include bluefish (Pomatomus saltatrix), striped bass (Morone saxatilis), weakfish (Cynoscion regalis), summer flounder (Paralichthys dentatus), American eel (Anguilla rostrata), and white catfish (Ictalurus catus).
Biotic surveys since 1975 have documented consistently highest PCB concentrations (> 2 [micro]g/g wet weight) in the American eel (Anguilla rostrata), bluefish (Pomatomus saltatrix), striped bass (Morone saxatilis), white perch (Morone americana), and white cash (Ictalurus catus).
A diverse group of fish predators was chosen with individual species representing freshwater habitats (tigerfish Hydrocynus brevis), marine pelagic environments (bluefish Pomatomus saltatrix), as well as benthic (winter skate Raja ocellata) and demersal (red hake Urophycis chuss; white hake Urophycis tenuis; and European hake Merluccius merluccius) marine habitats.