Pomortsev, Mikhail Mikhailovich

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Pomortsev, Mikhail Mikhailovich


Born July 12 (24), 1851, in the village of Vasil’evshchina, Novgorod Province; died June 19 (July 2), 1916, in Petrograd. Russian aerologist.

Pomortsev graduated from the Mikhail Artillery Institute in St. Petersburg in 1871 and the Academy of the General Staff in 1878. He taught at the Military Engineering Academy from 1881 and at an artillery school, an aeronautics school, and the Military Medical Academy at St. Petersburg from 1885. In 1885 he organized aerostat ascents to study atmospheric phenomena. Results from dozens of such ascents were processed by Pomortsev. In 1889 he published Survey of Weather Prediction Science, the first Russian textbook on synoptic meteorology. Pomortsev also invented several instruments for aerial navigation and other purposes.


Minkel’dei, M. A. M. M. Pomortsev. Pervyi russkii aerolog. Leningrad, 1954. (Contains bibliography.)
Gaigerov, S. S. “O trudakh M. M. Pomortseva v oblasti aerologii i sinoptiki.” Meteorologiia i gidrologiia, 1952, no. 4.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.