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Native North Americans whose language belongs to the Siouan branch of the Hokan-Siouan linguistic stock (see Native American languagesNative American languages,
languages of the native peoples of the Western Hemisphere and their descendants. A number of the Native American languages that were spoken at the time of the European arrival in the New World in the late 15th cent.
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). According to tradition the group lived in the Ohio valley but migrated to the mouth of the Osage River. There the Ponca and the Omaha separated from the main Siouan group and went to SW Minnesota. War with the Sioux forced the Ponca to flee to the Black Hills, in South Dakota. The Ponca subsequently rejoined their allies and moved to the mouth of the Niobrara River, in Nebraska. The Ponca remained there, but the other groups moved on. Lewis and Clark met them in 1804 when the Ponca, recovering from a smallpox epidemic, numbered only some 200. The Ponca's culture was of the Plains area; they farmed corn and hunted buffalo. Raids by the Sioux forced the Ponca to migrate to Oklahoma in 1877. A commission appointed (1880) by President Rutherford B. Hayes studied the land claims of the Ponca; as a result most of them remained in Oklahoma, while a group numbering some 200 returned to their former home in Nebraska. In 1990 there were about 2,800 Ponca in the United States.


See J. H. Howard, The Ponca Tribe (1965); J. Jablow, Ethnohistory of the Ponca (1974).

References in periodicals archive ?
I don't think I can ever look at a guy the same way,  so it's funny," said Angelica, a Ponca City resident, in an interview with KFOR-TV Friday.
A previous closed-circuit television inspection report provided by the refinery, and interviews with refinery staff and various Ponca City personnel, helped complete the project's background information
A respeito da abundancia relativa de crisomelideos por arvore frutifera, obtiveram-se as seguintes porcentagens: laranja e tangerina (15,1%), nectarina (14,8%), caqui (13,6%), Pera (11,7%), pessego (10,1%), limao (9,9%), ponca (7,7%) e maca (2,0%) (Tabela 2).
Upon learning of Standing Bear's seemingly defiant act, Secretary of the Interior Carl Schurz ordered that the group of Ponca be arrested immediately for leaving Indian Territory without permission.
Standing Bear was chief of the Ponca Indians living along the Niobrara River in Northern Nebraska in the mid 1800s, when the US government moved many of the Indian tribes to the Oklahoma territory.
The niche "Indian cowboys (girls)" carve out for themselves, a young rape victim's bold revelation of abuse by the priest, elder Ponca women's attempts to subvert the hierarchical authority which relegates their words to a lesser category, and the fictional protagonist who insists on the power of her Indianness in urban spaces--all speak to how presentations of the self, the body, and the story are en-gendered within texts and through an Indigenous sensibility.
After finding the Nepalese photographs of Richard Gordon Matzene in the Ponca City, Oklahoma library, author Sirhandi became determined to learn the stories behind them and the man who traveled to Nepal in the early twentieth century to take pictures of the ruling family.
A graduate of Rose-Hulman Institute of Technology, Terre Haute, IN, where he earned a bachelor's degree in chemical engineering, Bailey has been with Continental Carbon for more than 27 years, first joining the staff as production superintendent at the company's plant in Ponca City, OK, in 1982.
Send a buck or two: 1004 Poplar Ave, Ponca City, OK 74601
The body of Iris Perkins, from Middlesbrough, was found on a building site at the resort of Santa Ponca on the Spanish island.
16, 1961, he married Joan Hampton in Ponca City, Okla.
The son of Egyptian immigrants, Salama, 29, was born in Ponca City, northwest of Tulsa.