Gregory IX

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Gregory IX,

1143?–1241, pope (1227–41), an Italian named Ugolino di Segni, b. Anagni; successor of Honorius IIIHonorius III,
d. 1227, pope (1216–27), a Roman named Cencio Savelli; successor of Innocent III. He was created cardinal in 1197 and was an able administrator of the papal treasury.
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. As cardinal under his uncle, Innocent IIIInnocent III,
b. 1160 or 1161, d. 1216, pope (1198–1216), an Italian, b. Anagni, named Lotario di Segni; successor of Celestine III. Innocent III was succeeded by Honorius III.
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, he became, at St. Francis' request, the first cardinal protector of the Franciscans. About 84 when he was elected, he was a vigorous pope despite his age. He immediately commanded Holy Roman Emperor Frederick IIFrederick II,
1194–1250, Holy Roman emperor (1220–50) and German king (1212–20), king of Sicily (1197–1250), and king of Jerusalem (1229–50), son of Holy Roman Emperor Henry VI and of Constance, heiress of Sicily.
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 to keep his vow to go on crusade and excommunicated (1227) him when he delayed. The imperialists in Rome forced (1228) the pope into exile until 1230, when emperor and pope were reconciled. Five or six years later the struggle broke out again, this time over Italian liberties. Gregory again excommunicated (1239) Frederick and ordered his dethronement. Frederick prevented circulation of the bulls in Germany and blocked a general council summoned by Gregory. Gregory died at 98 when Frederick was about to attack the city. He was succeeded by Celestine IV. Gregory ordered the first complete and authoritative collection of papal decretals, the Corpus Iuris Canonici, which remained a fundamental source of canon law until the promulagtion of the Codex Iuris Canonici in 1917. Gregory IX organized (1233) the InquisitionInquisition
, tribunal of the Roman Catholic Church established for the investigation of heresy. The Medieval Inquisition

In the early Middle Ages investigation of heresy was a duty of the bishops.
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 and gave special responsibility for it to the Dominicans.
References in periodicals archive ?
The deviation occurred under the pressure of Pope Gregory IX immediately after St.
Millions of the animals perished in the so-called Great Cat Massacre ordered by Pope Gregory IX in 1233.
In 1236 Pope Gregory IX wrote to the Templars and Hospitallers in western France ordering them not to abuse the privileges granted to them by the papal see.
Pope Gregory IX wrote a letter of rebuke to the Hospitallers in Acre.
A court of the Roman Catholic Church devoted to the suppression of heresy, established in 1233 by Pope Gregory IX for the suppression of the Albigensians in southern France.
As far as the surviving evidence is concerned, the privilege in question was first granted in 1228 by Pope Gregory IX to Clare and her monastery of S.
The Inquisition was an inquiry court system established by Pope Gregory IX in 1231 to investigate possible heresy as well as to raise more money for the church.
According to Maier, it was Pope Gregory IX who transformed the Franciscans and Dominicans into agents of papal politics and employed them to carry out a host of tasks associated with various crusades.
The Inquisition was begun by Pope Gregory IX in Italy in 1231.
The Papal Inquisition was established in 1231 by Pope Gregory IX.