Julius II

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Related to Pope Julius II: Leonardo da Vinci, Pope Alexander VI, Cesare Borgia, Pope Clement VII

Julius II,

1443–1513, pope (1503–13), an Italian named Giuliano della Rovere, b. Savona; successor of Pius III. His uncle Sixtus IV gave him many offices and created him cardinal. Innocent VIII, successor to Sixtus IV, was entirely under Cardinal della Rovere's influence, and it was in reaction to the cardinal's power that the rest of the cardinals elected (1492) his bitter enemy, Rodrigo Borgia, as Pope Alexander VIAlexander VI,
1431?–1503, pope (1492–1503), a Spaniard (b. Játiva) named Rodrigo de Borja or, in Italian, Rodrigo Borgia; successor of Innocent VIII. He took Borja as his surname from his mother's brother Alfonso, who was Pope Calixtus III.
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. Giuliano went into voluntary exile and had little to do with ecclesiastical affairs until Alexander's death (1503). Pius III succeeded for less than a month, and Giuliano succeeded him. Pope Julius showed himself first of all a warrior, and he ably completed the work, begun by his enemy Cesare Borgia, of restoring the Papal States to the church. Having joined the League of Cambrai, he was at war with Venice until 1509 and won back Ravenna, Rimini, and Faenza. He then formed (1510) the anti-French Holy LeagueHoly League,
in Italian history, alliance formed (1510–11) by Pope Julius II during the Italian Wars for the purpose of expelling Louis XII of France from Italy, thereby consolidating papal power.
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. The resultant struggle was a draw (see Italian WarsItalian Wars,
1494–1559, series of regional wars brought on by the efforts of the great European powers to control the small independent states of Italy. Renaissance Italy was split into numerous rival states, most of which sought foreign alliances to increase their
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). In 1512 he assembled the Fifth Lateran CouncilLateran Council, Fifth,
1512–17, 18th ecumenical council of the Roman Catholic Church, convened by Pope Julius II and continued by his successor Leo X. Julius called the council to counter an attempt begun (1510) by Louis XII of France to revive the conciliar theory (i.e.
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, which condemned the Gallicanism of the church in France and abolished simony in the college of cardinals. Julius was a great patron of art, and Raphael (who painted his portrait), Michelangelo, and Bramante enjoyed his favor. He laid the cornerstone of St. Peter's. Worldly as Julius was, he was one of the first to suppress nepotism and to try, albeit feebly, to break the hold of corruption on Rome. He was succeeded by Leo X.

Julius II

 

(secular name, Giuliano della Rovere). Born Dec. 5, 1443, in Albissola; died Feb. 21, 1513, in Rome. Pope from 1503.

Julius sought to strengthen papal authority and increase the territory of the Papal States. To further these ends, he intervened in the Italian Wars of 1494–1559. In 1508 he joined the anti-Venetian League of Cambrai; he won from Venice the return of the captured cities of Romagna. In 1511 he became the head of the anti-French Holy League. He increased the activity of the Inquisition and helped broaden the trade in indulgences.

A patron of the arts, Julius invited D. Bramante, Michelangelo, Raphael, and other architects, sculptors, and painters to Rome.

Julius II

original name Guiliano della Rovere. 1443--1513, pope (1503--13). He completed the restoration of the Papal States to the Church, began the building of St Peter's, Rome (1506), and patronized Michelangelo, Raphael, and Bramante
References in periodicals archive ?
7 million [pounds sterling] in December 2012), and a painting of the stature of the Portrait of Pope Julius II would fetch far, far more.
Della Rovere, as Pope Julius II, held office for ten years through 1513.
The smallest and oldest army in the world, they were founded in 1506 by Pope Julius II.
Under the patronage of Pope Julius II, Michelangelo painted 1,100 square metres of the chapel ceiling between 1508 and 1512.
1508: Pope Julius II ex-communicated the entire population of Venice.
In fact, Pope Julius II gifted him the Sword of State, now displayed among the Honours of Scotland at Edinburgh Castle.
The importance of the establishment and celebration of feast days of Mary through the centuries is underlined by Rubin throughout, and the reader is afforded a front-row seat as some feasts--such as the Purification and Assumption under Charlemagne--are prescribed for universal observance, and other later, would-be feasts of Mary--such as her spasimo, or swooning on Calvary--are rejected, the latter by Pope Julius II (d.
HEAD of a Muse (below) was drawn by the artist as a study for a figure in Parnassus, one of the series of four frescoes in the Stanza della Segnatura in the Vatican, which was commissioned by Pope Julius II and which was done between 1508 and 1511.
Perhaps additional works treating unacknowledged borrowings of Giovanni's corpus warranted inclusion: Davy Carozza, "Another Italian Source for La Magdalena of Malon de Chaide," Italica 41 (1964); John O'Malley, "An Ash Wednesday Sermon on the Dignity of Man for Pope Julius II, 1513" in Essays Presented to Myron P.
1508: Pope Julius II excommunicated the entire population of Venice.
Pope Julius II founded the corps in 1506 because he was impressed by the bravery of Swiss mercenaries.
Pope Julius II (Rex Harrison) has no self-doubts and few qualms about getting what he wants in Irving Stone's tale of Michelangelo's labors for the Vatican.