Urban VIII

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Urban VIII,

1568–1644, pope (1623–44), a Florentine named Maffeo Barberini; successor of Gregory XV. Throughout his pontificate the Thirty Years WarThirty Years War,
1618–48, general European war fought mainly in Germany. General Character of the War

There were many territorial, dynastic, and religious issues that figured in the outbreak and conduct of the war.
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 raged in Germany. For various political reasons, Urban gave little help to the Catholics. The old story that Urban rejoiced at Protestant victories because he hated the Hapsburgs is, however, false. His policy in Italy was unsuccessful, and he was humiliated by defeat at the hands of the Farnese of Parma.

Urban was very active in church affairs: he published the revised breviary, normalized liturgical practice, canonized many saints, instituted new orders, and continued the reformation of the church. He built and decorated extensively in Rome. Urban sanctioned the second condemnation of GalileoGalileo
(Galileo Galilei) , 1564–1642, great Italian astronomer, mathematician, and physicist. By his persistent investigation of natural laws he laid foundations for modern experimental science, and by the construction of astronomical telescopes he greatly enlarged
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 for his support of the Copernican theory that placed the sun, rather than the earth, at the center of the universe, but later freed him. He condemned the posthumous work of Cornelis JansenJansen, Cornelis
, 1585–1638, Dutch Roman Catholic theologian. He studied at the Univ. of Louvain and became imbued with the idea of reforming Christian life along the lines of a return to St. Augustine.
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, Augustinus. Urban's strict legislation against easy acceptance of miracles is still in effect. He was succeeded by Innocent X.

References in periodicals archive ?
The controlling church figures, up to and including a weighty and irritated Pope Urban VIII (Andrew Woodall), look suitably powerful in Bunny Christie's costumes.
POPE URBAN VIII (1568--1644) Born Maffeo Barberini, Pope Urban VIII entered the priesthood through a politically powerful family.
Just before publication, a friend of Galileo's, Mafeo Barbarini, became Pope Urban VIII and so The Assayer was hurriedly dedicated to him.
Westerners "razor medicine off at the neck because people such as Rene Descartes and Pope Urban VIII contended that the human soul resides in the mind, and human disease resides in the body," Gerald Callahan, a pathologist at Colorado State University, observes in Emerging Infectious Diseases (Sept.
When Galileo published his masterpiece, ``Dialogue,'' arguing that Copernicus was correct when he blasphemously suggested that the Earth revolved around the sun and not vice versa, he was egregiously mistaken in assuming that his friendship with Pope Urban VIII would protect him from the Catholic Church's velvet hammer.
We do that--razor medicine off at the neck--because people such as Rene Descartes and Pope Urban VIII contended that the human soul resides in the mind, and human disease resides in the body.
In Greek and Roman times, metals were used almost only honorifically: as decoration in for instance the metal acroteria of some Hellenistic temples, and in the gilded bronze plates of the Pantheon's roof and portico (the latter only finally wrenched off in the early seventeenth century by the the Barberini pope Urban VIII to make Bernini's baldacehino in St Peter's -- hence the comment Quod non fecerunt barbari, fecerunt Barberini).
Galileo's friend, and an admirer of his work, Maffeo Cardinal Barberini was at the time Pope Urban VIII.
Reviewer's note:Galileo planned to go to Rome for an audience with Pope Urban VIII but did not leave until the spring of 1624.
This family, for its part, supported the election of Maffeo Barberini in 1623 as Pope Urban VIII.
In 1627 Meletij Smotryc'kyj wrote a letter from Ukraine, in the Commonwealth of Poland and Lithuania, addressed to Pope Urban VIII in Rome in the flattering language of an accomplished ecclesiastical courtier.
While drawing specific information primarily from the reign of Pope Urban VIII (1623-44), Laurie Nussdorfer examines the broader question of how papal and secular power coexisted and interacted in the city of Rome over a much longer span of time.