Popolari

Popolari

 

(II Partito Popolare Italiano; Popular Party), a political party of Italian Catholics that existed from 1919 to 1926. The Popolari sprang up at the time of a postwar revolutionary upsurge. It acted under the slogan of “Liberty and independence of the Church to carry out its ecclesiastical mission” and advocated a new delineation of relations between the Vatican and the Italian state. In foreign policy, it upheld a pacifist program, advocating universal disarmament. Its domestic policy centered on a program of such administrative and social reforms as limitation of the length of the workday, development of social insurance and of trade unions, the defense of small property, and the granting of woman suffrage.

The Popolari based themselves on organizations of Catholic workers, including trade unions and cooperatives. In the parliamentary elections of 1919 and 1921, it achieved considerable success, receiving 20.5 percent of the vote and winning 99 and 108 seats, respectively. The party’s mass base was provided by the peasantry, but it was also supported by petit bourgeois urban strata (artisans, clerical and professional employees) and the lower clergy. Conservative and clerical elements associated with powerful capitalist groups (the Bank of Rome and others) also enjoyed significant influence in the party.

The leaders of the Popolari did not actively oppose the Fascist coup in 1922, and some party figures joined Mussolini’s government. However, as early as April 1923, the party revised its line under pressure from the left, and in the 1924 parliamentary elections it came out as a party opposed to the Fascist regime. In June 1924 it joined the anti-Fascist A ventine Bloc. After the bloc fell apart, the Popolari did not take any further part in the anti-Fascist struggle. Some of its leaders, including L. Sturzo, F. L. Ferrari, G. Donati, and G. Miglioli, emigrated or restricted their activities to the field of culture. After the Fascist authorities banned all parties (except the Fascist party) in November 1926, the Popolari ceased to exist. The political secretaries of the Popolari were L. Sturzo (1919–23) and A. De Gasperi (1924—25). The official press organs were Popolo nuovo, and, from April 1923 to November 1925, Il Popolo.

REFERENCES

Dodolev, M. A. “Narodnaia partiia i ustanovlenie fashistskogo rezhima ν Italii.” In Problemy ital’ianskoi istorii, fasc. 1. Moscow, 1972.
Candeloro, G. Katolicheskoe dvizhenie ν Italii. Moscow, 1955. (Translated from Italian.)

M. A. DODOLEV

References in periodicals archive ?
Istituto Autonomo per le Case Popolari della provincia di Palermo
the Parent Company of Istituto Centrale delle Banche Popolari Italiane (Central Institute of Italian Mutual Banks) Group, provides services and infrastructure necessary to boost the competitiveness and growth of banks, financial and insurance institutions, and public sector.
An analyst has opined that the merger of 10 popolari, or peoples banks in Italy, might not lead to better banks.
Molti di noi lo sanno frequentatore delle assemblee socialiste, delle radunate pubbliche, delle agitazioni popolari e partecipe anche di certi sommovimenti nazionali che rasentano lo stato rivoluzionario," (18) he wrote, but could not decide whether this restless activism was a quest for mere aesthetic emotions or for an elusive political faith.
Boccardo's article was also published as the twelfth brochure in the series "Opuscoli popolari antimodernisti"--1,000 copies were printed.
Al 1882 risale la costituzione del Partito operaio italiano e la modificazione della legge elettorale grazie alla quale anche la piccola borghesia e alcuni strati sociali popolari acquisirono il diritto di voto, mentre nel 1892 venne fondato il Partito Socialista.
Secondo Henschke (1), Red Flags popolari come l'inspiegata perdita di peso, l'eta>50 anni, l'assenza di miglioramento dopo un mese, la presenza di febbre e il non miglioramento con il riposo hanno solo una modesta capacita predittiva e da sole non sono in grado di fare screening per neoplasie maligne (1).
In the nineteenth century--when the exploration and publication of fairy tales exploded, the most famous collection of children's fairy tales was Jacob Grimm's and Wilhelm Grimm's Kinder- und Hausmarchen followed by Danske Folkesagn by Just Mathias Thiele and Sizilianische Marchen by Laura Gonzenbach, Narodnyye russkiye skazki (Russian Fairy Tales) by Alexander Nikolayevich Afanasyev, Norske folkeeventyr by Peter Christen Asbjornsen and Jorgen Moe, the Coloured Fairy Books by Andrew Lang, and Fiabe, novelle e racconti popolari siciliani by Giuseppe Pitre.
Nonostante la sua grandissima fama, Dante non menziona affatto Jacopone nel suo trattato sulla poesia vernacolare De Vulgari Eloquentia, forse poiche i componimenti di Jacopone erano piuttosto popolari che non letterari e, dunque, ricadevano totalmente nella sfera religiosa.
For Gramsci, fascism as a hegemonic project emerged, on the one hand, as a 'war of position' with Mussolini's power broking attitude incorporating both liberals and popolari into his first government and slowly disempowering them, whilst the fascist elements were becoming stronger.
Zattarini, Ceramiche popolari a fiato nella tradizione artigianale, Editore Borgia, Roma 1994).
Altan, Tullio Carlo, (1986), "Le <<due Italie>>", in Gallini Clara (ed), La Ricerca Folklorica, contributi allo studio della cultura delle classi popolari, Ernesto de Martino.