Popolari

Popolari

 

(II Partito Popolare Italiano; Popular Party), a political party of Italian Catholics that existed from 1919 to 1926. The Popolari sprang up at the time of a postwar revolutionary upsurge. It acted under the slogan of “Liberty and independence of the Church to carry out its ecclesiastical mission” and advocated a new delineation of relations between the Vatican and the Italian state. In foreign policy, it upheld a pacifist program, advocating universal disarmament. Its domestic policy centered on a program of such administrative and social reforms as limitation of the length of the workday, development of social insurance and of trade unions, the defense of small property, and the granting of woman suffrage.

The Popolari based themselves on organizations of Catholic workers, including trade unions and cooperatives. In the parliamentary elections of 1919 and 1921, it achieved considerable success, receiving 20.5 percent of the vote and winning 99 and 108 seats, respectively. The party’s mass base was provided by the peasantry, but it was also supported by petit bourgeois urban strata (artisans, clerical and professional employees) and the lower clergy. Conservative and clerical elements associated with powerful capitalist groups (the Bank of Rome and others) also enjoyed significant influence in the party.

The leaders of the Popolari did not actively oppose the Fascist coup in 1922, and some party figures joined Mussolini’s government. However, as early as April 1923, the party revised its line under pressure from the left, and in the 1924 parliamentary elections it came out as a party opposed to the Fascist regime. In June 1924 it joined the anti-Fascist A ventine Bloc. After the bloc fell apart, the Popolari did not take any further part in the anti-Fascist struggle. Some of its leaders, including L. Sturzo, F. L. Ferrari, G. Donati, and G. Miglioli, emigrated or restricted their activities to the field of culture. After the Fascist authorities banned all parties (except the Fascist party) in November 1926, the Popolari ceased to exist. The political secretaries of the Popolari were L. Sturzo (1919–23) and A. De Gasperi (1924—25). The official press organs were Popolo nuovo, and, from April 1923 to November 1925, Il Popolo.

REFERENCES

Dodolev, M. A. “Narodnaia partiia i ustanovlenie fashistskogo rezhima ν Italii.” In Problemy ital’ianskoi istorii, fasc. 1. Moscow, 1972.
Candeloro, G. Katolicheskoe dvizhenie ν Italii. Moscow, 1955. (Translated from Italian.)

M. A. DODOLEV

References in periodicals archive ?
Nelle musiche popolari (ma anche fra quelle culte prodotte tra Rinascimento e barocco) troviamo formule armoniche, melodiche, ritmiche, meliche.
Se il Saggio sopra gli errori popolari degli antichi rappresenta il primo esempio di esercitazione prosaica, questa trovera il suo seguito piu elaborato nella corrispondenza epistolare intrapresa con Pietro Giordani, fino a raggiungere il suo risvolto piu prolifico con lo Zibaldone.
I caduti sono proposti come exempla il cui sacrificio richiama quello dei primi martiri cristiani cosi come tramandato dalle tradizioni popolari e dalla letteratura agiografica.
Qualche anno dopo, quest'aria diverra una tra le piu popolari tra i patrioti risorgimentali: "Ma gli esponenti dell'emigrazione repubblicana italiana non lasciarono passare sotto silenzio un momento cosi clamorosamente politico: la principessa di Beigioioso si incarico di affidare ad alcuni musicisti del suo salotto l'incarico di scrivere variazioni pianistiche sul tema del 'Suoni la tromba'" (Ragni in Mazzini, 1992: 91; anche Tintori, 1983: 255-256).
Secondo credenze popolari radicate nel tempo, questo animale aveva connotazione negative ed era considerato un simbolo anti-cristiano.
Eugenio Cirese's first published work, Canti popolari e sonetti in dialetto molisano (Folk Songs and Sonnets in the Molisan Dialect), appeared in 1910, and was essentially a collection of folk songs and sonnets based on the poet's conviction that "there is an inseparable link between folk songs and dialect poetry" (143).
Address : Via Case Popolari, 25 Cap: 89017Localit/Citt: San Giorgio Morgeto Stato: Italia
Abstract: La Divina Commedin ha ispirato diversi film italiani, non solo d'autore, ma anche popolari. Un esempio di cinema popolare che ha attinto all'immaginario di Dante e fornito da due film comici, Toto al giro d'Italia (Mario Mattoli, 1948) e Toto all'lnferno (Camillo Mastrocinque, 1955), nei quali Toto, moderno Arlecchino, sembra cogliere gli aspetti piu genuini dello stile comico dantesco, perlopiu sfuggiti ad altri interpreti della Commedia.
Celestini, riattivando nel presente il mondo rivoluzionato delle tradizioni popolari ha individuato nello spazio dell'azione drammatica un luogo rovesciato del sociale.
Gustav Saenger, New York: Carl Fischer, 1905/Lezioni popolari d'Istrumentazione con accurata descrizione delle proprieta di ciascun istrumento, transl.
9 July 2018 - US-based alternative investment firm Varde Partners, UK-based Barclays investment bank and Italian credit manager Guber Banca have jointly acquired a portfolio of non-performing loans originated by 53 cooperative banks, rural banks and popolari banks spread throughout Italy, the companies said.
Target: Portfolio of non-performing loans originated by 53 cooperative banks, rural banks and popolari banks spread throughout Italy