Porfirio Díaz

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Díaz, Porfirio


Born Sept. 15, 1830, in Oaxaca; died July 2, 1915, in Paris. Mexican politician and statesman, general.

During the bourgeois revolution and civil war of 1854–60, Diaz fought on the side of the liberals against the conservatives. During the foreign intervention in Mexico (1861-67) he commanded large detachments of the patriotic army. He was president of Mexico from 1877 to 1880; after becoming president again in 1884, he established a despotic regime based on the clergy and landowners. Under Diaz’s dictatorship, Mexico’s economic dependence on Great Britain and the USA increased. The 1910–17 revolution put an end to his regime, and in May 1911 he fled to Europe.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
En el capitulo 2, "Performing the Porfiriato, Federico Gamboa and Allied Negotiation", el tema de las alianzas es tratado tomando como punto de partida la obra La venganza de la gleba, que conjuntamente con los diarios y algunas "performances" del porfiriato, le permiten a Day investigar las diversas mascaras usadas en los personajes como espejo de las negociaciones y las transacciones que ocurren en el escenario politico de la epoca.
He covers nation building, designing the Porfiriato, rag of barbarism: Aztecs and Mayas in international thought 1804-1911, the inspector general and conservator of archaeological monuments, Batres in the field, Batres fought with all the world, and the grand tour: International Congress of Americanists in Mexico City 1910.
In the Porfiriato, tandas theaters--many of which had been built decades before and were in extreme disrepair--provided entertainment for a burgeoning class of urban workers and, subsequently, became the focus hygienic policing.
Macias-Gonzalez details how the rule of Porfirio Diaz from 1876 to 1911 powerfully shaped definitions of masculinity during the period of the "Porfiriato" and explains that much of the evolution of gender in the modern period either incorporated these ideals or reacted to them.