Port Said


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Port Said

(sīd, sād, säēd`) or

Bur Said

(bo͝or), city (1986 pop. 469,533), NE Egypt, a port on the Mediterranean Sea at the entrance to the Suez Canal. It is a fueling point for ships using the canal and is the site of the main workshops of the canal administration. Salt is produced in Port Said by evaporating seawater, and there is a fishing industry. The construction of Aswan High Dam in the 1960s cut off the flow of nutrients into the Mediterranean Sea from the delta. This resulted in a lack of food for the sardines that were the basis of the Port Said fishing industry, which has since virtually disappeared. The city is a principal port for steamer service on the Nile. Situated on a narrow peninsula between Lake Manzala and the sea, Port Said was founded in 1859 by the builders of the Suez Canal and named for Said Pasha, then khedive of Egypt. In 1904 a railroad to Cairo was completed. In 1956, French and British paratroops landed at Port Said during the Suez campaign. Port Said came under Israeli attack during the 1967 and 1973 Arab-Israeli Wars. Its harbor was closed to shipping from 1967 to 1975. The city was refurbished in the mid-1970s. New housing was built and a tax-free industrial zone was instituted. There are now electric generation plants and computer and technical manufacturing. The railroad was expanded to link Port Said with other important cities.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Port Said

 

a city in northeastern Egypt on the Mediterranean, at the northern entrance of the Suez Canal. Capital of the governorate of Port Said. Population, 313,000 (1970).

Port Said is linked by railroad and highway to the populated areas of the Suez Canal zone and the delta and valley of the Nile. It is a commercial, transportation and bunkerage center of international importance. In terms of its annual foreign trade turnover of more than 2 million tons, it held third place in Egypt until 1967, surpassed only by Alexandria and Suez. There are enterprises of the food-and-condiments, textile, and ship-building industries, as well as large-capacity refrigeration installations and warehouses.

Founded in 1859, the city was named after Said Pasha. In August 1882 it was occupied by British troops. It was one of the centers of the anti-British anti-imperialist movement, and rebellions and demonstrations broke out there in 1921, 1930, 1951, 1952, and 1953–54. During the Anglo-Franco-Israeli aggression against Egypt, there was bitter fighting in Port Said against British and French marines on Nov. 5–6, 1956. This heroic defense of Port Said cut short the imperialists’ plans to occupy the country as quickly as possible. The city was liberated on Dec. 22, 1956. After the Israeli aggression against the Arab nations that began in 1967, Port Said was a frontier city until late 1973. [20–1145–1; UPDATED]

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Port Said

a port in NE Egypt, at the N end of the Suez Canal: founded in 1859 when the Suez Canal was begun; became the largest coaling station in the world and later an oil-bunkering port; damaged in the Arab-Israeli wars of 1967 and 1973. Pop.: 546 000 (2005 est.)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
The port said rent for the Shippers Transport Express property would average $4 million annually.
Dr Abdel-Raham Farah said Mahmoud Abdel-Halim al-Dizawi, a football player in Port Said's Al-Marikh club, was shot three times and died.
After the Port Said Criminal Court on Saturday ordered death sentence for 21 defendants over the massacre, which killed more than 70 in February last year, families of the convicts violently attempted to break into the prison where they are detained.
According to Port Said's Governor Ahmed Abdullah, the decree will also revive trading, boost people's income and create new jobs.
The Port Said Ports Authority is preparing tenders for the development of the third container station in Port Said East Port before the end of the year, the pan-Arab daily AL HAYAT reported Thursday.
A delegation from the National Bank of Egypt (NBE) headed by Yehya Aboul Fotouh, the deputy chairperson of the bank, paid a field visit to the East Port Said Industrial Zone, which is currently under construction, as part of the bank's plan to support all developmental and national projects.
FILE -- Minister of Endowments Mohamed Mokhtar Gomaa CAIRO -- 21 December 2018: The governor of Port Said, Major General Adel El-Ghadban received Friday morning the Minister of Religious Affairs and Endowments, Mohammad Mukhtar Juma, and Grand Mufti Shawki Allam to inaugurate three huge mosques on Port Said's National Day.
Summary: TEHRAN (FNA)- An Egyptian court confirmed the death sentences for 21 football fans involved in the fatal riots in Port Said in 2012.
Cairo : A policeman was killed Sunday and an army officer was wounded in Egypt's city of Port Said, the army said, after the authorities decided to move prisoners awaiting a verdict over alleged involvement in a deadly football riot.
CAIRO (TAP)- At least 30 people died Saturday in Port Said, officials say, in clashes sparked by the sentencing to death of 21 local people over football riots in Egypt.