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(bo͞o`sän), Jap. Fusan, city (1995 pop. 3,813,814), extreme SE South Korea, on the Korea Strait. It is the nation's second largest city and largest port, handling most of South Korea's foreign trade. Since 1963, Busan has been a independent metropolitan city with the status of a province. Lying at the head of the Nakdong River basin, it has served as a main southern gateway to Korea from Japan, which, during its rule over Korea (1905–45), developed Busan's excellent natural harbor. It is now one of the world's busiest container ports and a major transshipment center. The city is also the southern terminus of the main railroad line from Seoul. Busan began construction on its first subway in 1980.

A leading industrial and commercial center, Busan's manufactures include ships, vehicles and vehicle parts, iron, steel, electronics, textiles, plywood, chemicals, ceramics, paper, tires and other rubber products, frozen seafood, and fishing nets. There are also important ship-repair facilities, railroad shops, and several thermal and hydroelectric power stations. Fishing and agriculture are carried on chiefly for local consumption. Nearby hot springs and coastal beaches have made Busan a popular resort city.

The city became a major port under the Chinese Empire. It was invaded in 1592 by the Japanese, who had long maintained a trading post there; however, the Japanese forces were recalled in 1598. In 1876 the Koreans were compelled to sign a treaty opening Busan to Japanese trade and immigration. In 1883 the port was opened to general foreign commerce. During the Korean War it was (Aug–Sept., 1950) the site of a United Nations beachhead (see IncheonIncheon
or Inchon
, city (1995 pop. 2,307,618), Gyeonggi (Kyonggi) prov., NW South Korea, on the Yellow Sea (or West Sea). The country's second largest port, Incheon has an ice-free harbor (protected by a tidal basin) and is the port and commercial center for Seoul.
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). Refugees from the war more than doubled Busan's population. The city is the seat of a number of universities and colleges; landmarks include the Beomeo Temple.

References in periodicals archive ?
The emotional meeting was held in the southeastern port of Busan between Kim and the son of Yaeko Taguchi, who was abducted by North Korean agents in 1978.
Naval Forces Korea, 7th Fleet, FISC Yokosuka and CTF-73 joined ROK Navy logisticians at Commander ROK Fleet (COMROKFLT) Headquarters in port of Busan to form the Combined Naval Logistics Committee (CNLC).
Up to 24,690 containers were moved in or out of the country's largest sea port of Busan on Friday, compared with the daily average of 34,290 before the strike, according to the ministry of land, transport and maritime affairs.
A high-speed ferry carrying about 200 people from the southwestern Japan port of Hakata to the South Korean port of Busan collided with an unidentified floating object Thursday afternoon, injuring 28 people, the South Korean maritime police and ferry operator said.
The port of Busan has seen its fair share of foreign faces stroll through the streets over the years but visitors have never really felt a sense of belonging, always looking in from the outside on local culture.
Menton, who was speaking on the eve of this morning's tournament draw in the South Korean port of Busan, moved to dismiss dramatic reports that Aime Jacquet's World Champions would be coming to Dublin.
A US naval strike group led by the nuclear-powered Nimitz arrived off the South's Southern port of Busan on Saturday for the drill to be staged this week, following joint exercises that infuriated North Korea in recent months, AFP reported.
A man in his 40s drowned after being swept away by stormy seas in the southern port of Busan.
southeastern port of Busan, the country's second-largest city.
As one of the highest-volume shipping hubs for the Asia Pacific region, the Port of Busan is the fourth largest trading partner with the United States by container volume.
The Ocean-2000 (the research ship) is conducting research activities along the shores of the East Sea after departing the port of Busan early this morning,'' Jung You Sub, director general of the National Oceanographic Research Institute, told reporters in a report by Yonhap News Agency on Monday.