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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



the capital of Trinidad and Tobago. The political, economic, and cultural center of the country, Port-of-Spain is located in the northwestern part of the island of Trinidad. The climate is subequatorial. The mean temperature in January is 25.8’C, and in July 26.7’C. Precipitation totals 1,910 mm a year. Population, 159,000 (1970, including suburbs).

Port-of-Spain was founded on the site of the old Indian settlement of Conquerabia. From 1783 to 1797 it was the chief city of the Spanish colony on the island of Trinidad. In 1797 the island passed to Great Britain. Port-of-Spain was a center of the national liberation movement, and demonstrations and marches against colonial rule were often held in the city. In 1962, Port-of-Spain became the capital of the independent state of Trinidad and Tobago.

A port on the Gulf of Paria, Port-of-Spain handled 1.6 million tons of cargo in 1971. It is a commercial and transportation center and has an airport. Industries include food processing (mostly rum production) and the manufacture of textiles and wood products. Port-of-Spain also has a shipyard. Exports include petroleum products, asphalt, sugar, citrus fruits, and coffee.

The Trinidad branch of the University of the West Indies, the Polytechnic Institute, and the Sugar Technologists’ Association are in Port-of-Spain. Also in the city are the Central Library of Trinidad and Tobago (more than 447,000 volumes), the Trinidad Public Library, the National Archives, and the National Museum and Art Gallery.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
"Our Port-of-Spain warehouse opened with strong sales in a great location that took over two years to secure," PriceSmart vice president Ron Milford says.
The quake struck shortly after midnight some 55 miles (89 kilometers) from the twin-island nation's capital of Port-of-Spain. It also shook Grenada and parts of Venezuela's Caribbean coast, AP reported.
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PORT VALE youngster Chris Birchall earned Trinidad and Tobago a 1-1 draw from their World Cup play-off first-leg against Bahrain with a brilliant goal in Port-of-Spain.
John Cropper, 59, originally of Halsall Hall Farm, his sister-in-law Lynette Pearson and mother-in-law Maggie Lee were hacked to death in Port-of-Spain last week.
Separately, PriceSmart has opened its second warehouse located in the Trinidad capital of Port-of-Spain.
The man had travelled to Barbados from Port-of-Spain and was en route to London.
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