Porter, Rodney Robert

Porter, Rodney Robert,

1917–85, British biochemist, Ph.D. Cambridge, 1948. He was a researcher at the National Institute of Medical Research, England (1949–1960), and a professor at St. Mary's Hospital Medical School–Univ. of London (1960–1967) before becoming a professor at Oxford in 1967. In 1972 Porter and Gerald M. Edelman received the Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine for discoveries concerning the chemical structure of antibodiesantibody,
protein produced by the immune system (see immunity) in response to the presence in the body of antigens: foreign proteins or polysaccharides such as bacteria, bacterial toxins, viruses, or other cells or proteins.
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. Using different techniques and working independently, the two constructed a complete model of the giant antibody molecule, which consists of some 1,300 amino acids. The findings of Edelman and Porter provided the groundwork for much of the research that followed in immunology and led to further breakthroughs in the diagnosis and treatment of disease.

Porter, Rodney Robert

 

Born Oct. 8, 1917, in Ashton. British immunologist and biochemist. Fellow of the Royal Society of London (1964).

Porter was educated at the universities of Liverpool and Cambridge. From 1949 to 1960 he was on the staff of the National Institute for Medical Research in London, and from 1960 to 1967 he was a professor at the St. Mary’s Hospital Medical School in London. He became a professor at Oxford University in 1967 and a member of the Medical Research Council in 1970. Porter’s chief works have determined the chemical structure of antibodies. Together with G. Edelman he was awarded a Nobel Prize in 1972. He is an honorary foreign member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and an honorary member of the American Society of Biological Chemists.

WORKS

In Russian translation:
“Struktura antitel.” In the collection Molekuly i kletki, fasc. 4, Moscow, 1969. Pages 41–55.
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