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, town, England
Portland, town (1991 pop. 12,945), Dorset, S England. It is on the Isle of Portland, a small rocky peninsula. Portland stone has been used in St. Paul's Cathedral and other important London buildings. Lobsters and crabs are harvested. There is a naval base in Portland harbor.


, cities, United States

Portland. 1 City (1990 pop. 64,358), seat of Cumberland co., SW Maine, situated on a small peninsula and adjacent land, with a large, deepwater harbor on Casco Bay; settled c.1632, set off from Falmouth and inc. 1786. The largest city in Maine, it (together with neighboring South Portland) is a port of entry, the commercial center of the state, and the rail, highway, shipping, and processing center for a vast farming, lumbering, and resort area. The Port of Portland is a major receiving port for goods destined for Montreal. Portland has shipyards, canneries (especially for fish), printing and publishing firms, foundries, and important lumbering, paper-milling, computer-chip, fishing, chemical, and textile industries. There is an international airport (located in both Portland and South Portland) and ferry service to Yarmouth, N.S. The Univ. of Southern Maine and the Westbrook College campus of the Univ. of New England are in the city, as are numerous museums and a planetarium. The restored Old Port district is a tourist center.

George Cleeve settled in what is now the Portland area to trade c.1632. His post grew in importance, and the settlement known as Falmouth developed; in the late 17th cent. it became a commercial center. It was almost completely destroyed by the British in 1775. Maine's first newspaper, the Falmouth Gazette, was issued in Portland in 1785, and the old lighthouse, established in 1791, is still in use. The city served as state capital from 1820 to 1832. In 1866 a great fire destroyed much of Portland. Henry Wadsworth Longfellow (whose house is a landmark) and Robert E. Peary lived here.

2 City (1990 pop. 437,319), seat of Multnomah co., NW Oreg., on the Willamette River near its junction with the Columbia; inc. 1851. The state's largest city, it is a port of entry, a leading financial and industrial center, and an important deepwater port, with shipyards and international trade. Manufactures include lumber, wood products, paper, metals, machinery, computer hardware and software, food items, textiles, clothing, and furniture. Near the city are an international airport and a U.S. air force base.

Portland is the seat of Concordia Univ., Lewis and Clark College, the Oregon Health & Science Univ., Portland State Univ., Reed College, the Univ. of Portland, Warner Pacific College, and several theological schools. Portland has museums of art, science and industry, and advertising, a planetarium, a forestry center, a zoo, Japanese and classical Chinese gardens, a symphony orchestra, and a ballet company. The state historical society is there, and the city's rose festival is an important annual event. The city is home to the Trail Blazers (National Basketball Association). The area is noted for its beautiful scenery, and the Columbia River Gorge, Mt. Hood, and Mt. St. Helens are nearby.

Founded in 1845, it was named for Portland, Maine. Its growth was rapid after 1850, when it served as a supply point for the California gold fields, and continued with the coming of the railroad (1883), the Alaska gold rush (1897–1900), and the Lewis and Clark Centennial Exposition (1905). Unlike many growing western U.S. cities, Portland sharply resisted urban sprawl by drawing a line around the metropolitan area and preserving open space outside it.


See C. Abbott, Portland: Planning, Politics, and Growth in a 20th-Century City (1983).

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a city in the USA, in Oregon, on the Willamette River near its confluence with the Columbia. Population, 383,000 (1970; more than 1 million including suburbs).

Portland is an important economic center of the northwestern USA. A major port, it handled a total of 9 million tons of cargo in 1970. It is also a railroad junction and has an airport.

Manufacturing industries in Portland employ 85,700 people (1970). Industries include woodworking, metal-working, and food-processing (including canning). Other industries include the manufacture of paper products and electronics parts and the construction of transportation machinery. The Bonneville Dam is located nearby. Portland has a university.



a city on the Atlantic coast of the USA; economic center of Maine and all of northern New England. Population, 65,000 (1970; including suburbs, 142,000). Large port (freight turnover, 26 million tons in 1970; primarily imported oil). Industry employed 14,000 workers in 1970. Among the city’s industries are ship building, petroleum refining, woodworking, footwear, food, and fishing.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


3rd Duke of. title of William Henry Cavendish Bentinck. 1738--1809, British statesman; prime minister (1783; 1807--09); father of Lord William Cavendish Bentinck


1. Isle of. a rugged limestone peninsula in SW England, in Dorset, connected to the mainland by a narrow isthmus and by Chesil Bank: the lighthouse of Portland Bill lies at the S tip; famous for the quarrying of Portland stone, a fine building material. Pop. (town): 12 000 (latest est.)
2. an inland port in NW Oregon, on the Willamette River: the largest city in the state; shipbuilding and chemical industries. Pop.: 538 544 (2003 est.)
3. a port in SW Maine, on Casco Bay: the largest city in the state; settled by the English in 1632, destroyed successively by French, Indian, and British attacks, and rebuilt; capital of Maine (1820--32). Pop.: 63 635 (2003 est.)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Industrialisation CS Peter Munya said that government would support the recapitalisation of Portland. This would be a mistake.
Each year, the Portland Award Program identifies companies that they believe have achieved exceptional marketing success in their local community and business category.
Five hundred people a week were moving to Portland back then, lured by various insinuations.
Prices in the Portland area are about five times median household income, putting housing out of reach of many residents and burdening low-income renters, said John Tapogna, president of ECONorthwest, a Portland-based economic consulting firm.
Securities and Exchange Commission, assigned a first-time Long-Term Issuer Default Rating (IDR) and senior unsecured debt rating of 'BBB' to Portland Natural Gas Transmission System, a Maine general partnership (Portland).
PROTEST LAND: Portland is known for its frequent protests and demonstrations.
FOOTBALL SEATTLE v PORTLAND 9.30pm IT'S A GAME of firsts when Cascadia rivals Seattle and Portland lock horns at the CenturyLink Field stadium.
The Portland guard hit his first nine shots including seven 3-pointers and scored 31 points as the Trail Blazers beat the Dallas Mavericks 117-108 on Saturday night (Sunday in Manila) for their season-best sixth consecutive home win.Lillard, who didn't miss a shot until late in the third quarter, went 10 of 15 from the floor and handed out nine assists to lead Portland.
M2 EQUITYBITES-September 25, 2017-DHL Grows Its Relationship with Portland, Oregon Customers
Activists in Portland, Maine, were arrested last summer after blocking a downtown intersection for several hours to protest the shooting deaths of unarmed black men in Minnesota and Louisiana.
Cathay Pacific Airways has expanded its freighter services in the Americas, adding a twice-weekly scheduled service to Portland International Airport (PDX), beginning November 3, 2016, the company said.