Brouwer's specialty was the calculation of orbits, thus his emphasis on positional astronomy
at the dawning of the Space Age.
Factory observatories contributed to both the routine grist of what Lankford characterizes as the old astronomy (positional astronomy
and celestial mechanics) and to the development of the entrepreneurial new discipline of astrophysics.
flourished because of the needs of horoscope casters.) I left INSAP II confident that astronomy defines deeply all that we are.