Possibilists

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Possibilists

 

an opportunistic trend in the French workers’ movement from the 1880’s to the early 20th century that supported the idea of municipal socialism. At first the Possibilists, headed by P. Brousse and soon after by B. Malon, who later left the Possibilist group, constituted the reformist petit bourgeois wing of the Workers’ Party (Parti Ouvrier, founded 1879). They led the struggle against revolutionary Marxism and adhered to the “policy of possibilities” as formulated by Brousse (hence their name).

In 1882 the Possibilists succeeded in splitting the Workers’ Party between their own faction and the Guesdists. They then began to call themselves the Workers’ Party of Socialist Revolutionaries, and in 1883 they assumed the name of Federation of French Workers-Socialists. In the 1880’s the Possibilists attempted to gain leadership of the international workers’ movement, but most socialist organizations did not support them. As a result of this struggle, two parallel congresses were held in Paris in 1889: the International Socialist Congress of Marxists, which founded the Second International, and the Congress of Possibilists, who found themselves isolated. At the beginning of the 20th century, the Possibilists joined the French Socialist Party.

References in periodicals archive ?
More than a philosophy of time, possibilism refers to a way of understanding Pragmatism and the experience it implies.
According to Franco Farinelli, the difference between possibilism and determinism was a false problem, because "what distinguished Ratzel from Vidal de la Blache was not the contrasting concept of the relationship between environment and human societies.
3) From my perspective, it is precisely the counterintuitive character of this output of anti-metaphysical theories that has prompted many philosophers to embrace metaphysically committed ones, such as Meinongianism, possibilism or abstractism.
I believe that this idea can be exploited to accommodate all the usual phenomena that lead some philosophers to adopt possibilism (vs.
David Lewis's possibilism shows that the nonmodal and the actual should not be conflated since his account admits many nonmodal nonactual properties.
Returning to the debate between actualism and possibilism, it is clear that the actualist must reject this conclusion.
Here he draws upon the Sprouts' idea of environmental possibilism (as well as elaborations such as opportunity and willingness (p.
13) First is possibilism, which is the view that actuality is an indexical property of possible worlds.
The dispute between them is reminiscent of, but clearer than, the more familiar one between possibilism and actualism.
According to Bourne's intellectual idealism, America represented a genuine new possibilism, as one in the romantic world and its organic transformations.
In death, Durruti's legacy was appropriated by the hierarchy of the anarchist movement; he was converted into a symbol of the war effort to justify their possibilism, their prioritisation of anti-fascist struggle over the revolution, and their participation in republican state institutions.
We can indeed meaningfully operate a possibilism that is proportionately oriented (de dicto), but cannot succeed with one that is substantively oriented (de re).