Possibilists

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Possibilists

 

an opportunistic trend in the French workers’ movement from the 1880’s to the early 20th century that supported the idea of municipal socialism. At first the Possibilists, headed by P. Brousse and soon after by B. Malon, who later left the Possibilist group, constituted the reformist petit bourgeois wing of the Workers’ Party (Parti Ouvrier, founded 1879). They led the struggle against revolutionary Marxism and adhered to the “policy of possibilities” as formulated by Brousse (hence their name).

In 1882 the Possibilists succeeded in splitting the Workers’ Party between their own faction and the Guesdists. They then began to call themselves the Workers’ Party of Socialist Revolutionaries, and in 1883 they assumed the name of Federation of French Workers-Socialists. In the 1880’s the Possibilists attempted to gain leadership of the international workers’ movement, but most socialist organizations did not support them. As a result of this struggle, two parallel congresses were held in Paris in 1889: the International Socialist Congress of Marxists, which founded the Second International, and the Congress of Possibilists, who found themselves isolated. At the beginning of the 20th century, the Possibilists joined the French Socialist Party.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
So simple that the dichotomy constitutes an example of the "possibilism" that annihilates determinism by always accentuating the capacity of choice that humans cannot alienate.
According to Franco Farinelli, the difference between possibilism and determinism was a false problem, because "what distinguished Ratzel from Vidal de la Blache was not the contrasting concept of the relationship between environment and human societies.
(4.) 'Possibilism' for Naess is 'the assumption that the future is in principle completely open, offering unimaginable surprises' (A.
(3) From my perspective, it is precisely the counterintuitive character of this output of anti-metaphysical theories that has prompted many philosophers to embrace metaphysically committed ones, such as Meinongianism, possibilism or abstractism.
In Chile, for another example, besides orthodox finance, possibilism emphasises spending to improve education.
The first is Guesde's consistent warnings against deviations both to the left (anarchism, syndicalism) and to the right ("possibilism," ministerialism): "No more truck with pseudo-revolutionary confusion than with ultra-reformist confusion." (19) Angenot calls this the "ni-ni" approach (a phrase that works in Russian as well as French).
Galperin reads that excess as the sign of a "real" that escapes realism or a "possibilism" that upsets probabilism.
Eventually the impotent leftist ministers are ousted and replaced by others adapted to the liberal orthodoxy, who argue for what they call "new realism" or "possibilism."
Has anthropological relativism and philosophical constructivism, once so liberating, returned to haunt us in the form of an indiscriminate possibilism? Are we responsible for the fact that our top graduate schools are now full of people who think, Hey, alien abductions, psychic readings--it's possible, who knows, who really knows anything?
Two modifications of this perspective, environmentalism possibilism and environmental probabilism, allow culture to play a role.
This essay shows that in Tantas veces Pedro, Bryce's poetics of impossibility, a poetics that works with impotence of the word and with failure, enlarges the postmodern hypothesis by showing that its characteristic "possibilism" also comprises the negation of possibility.
(34.) Ball 140 characterizes Marx's view of capitalism as "political possibilism." See also Elster 513-31.