artery

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Related to Posterior tibial artery: peroneal artery, Anterior tibial artery, Dorsalis pedis artery

artery,

blood vessel that conveys blood away from the heartheart,
muscular organ that pumps blood to all parts of the body. The rhythmic beating of the heart is a ceaseless activity, lasting from before birth to the end of life. Anatomy and Function

The human heart is a pear-shaped structure about the size of a fist.
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. Except for the pulmonary artery, which carries deoxygenated blood from the heart to the lungs, arteries carry oxygenated blood from the heart to the tissues. The largest arterial trunk is the aortaaorta
, primary artery of the circulatory system in mammals, delivering oxygenated blood to all other arteries except those of the lungs. The human aorta, c.1 in. (2.54 cm) in diameter, originates at the left ventricle of the heart.
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, branches of which divide and subdivide into ever-smaller tubes, or arterioles, until they terminate as minute capillariescapillary
, microscopic blood vessel, smallest unit of the circulatory system. Capillaries form a network of tiny tubes throughout the body, connecting arterioles (smallest arteries) and venules (smallest veins).
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, the latter connecting with the veinsvein,
blood vessel that returns blood to the heart. Except for the pulmonary vein, which carries oxygenated blood from the lungs to the heart, veins carry deoxygenated blood. The oxygen-depleted blood passes from the capillaries to the venules (small veins).
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 (see circulatory systemcirculatory system,
group of organs that transport blood and the substances it carries to and from all parts of the body. The circulatory system can be considered as composed of two parts: the systemic circulation, which serves the body as a whole except for the lungs, and the
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). Other important arteries are the subclavian and brachial arteries of the shoulder and arm, the carotid arteries that lead to the head, the coronary arteries that nourish the heart itself, and the iliac and femoral arteries of the abdomen and lower extremities. The walls of the large arteries have three layers: a tough elastic outer coat, a layer of muscular tissue, and a smooth, thin inner coat. Arterial walls expand and contract with each heartbeat, pumping blood throughout the body. The pulsating movement of blood, or pulsepulse,
alternate expansion and contraction of artery walls as heart action varies blood volume within the arteries. Artery walls are elastic. Hence they become distended by increased blood volume during systole, or contraction of the heart.
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, may be felt where the large arteries lie near the body surface.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/

artery

[′ärd·ə·rē]
(anatomy)
A vascular tube that carries blood away from the heart.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

artery

any of the tubular thick-walled muscular vessels that convey oxygenated blood from the heart to various parts of the body
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
It ended by anastomosing of a perforating branch of the posterior tibial artery in nearly 90 % (10 cases) of the studied cases (Figs.
On the other hand, the results of distal revascularization based on the peroneal artery have been reported to be inferior to those obtained after the revascularization of the anterior or the posterior tibial artery. In a retrospective series of 420 consecutive diabetic patients, Faglia et al.
where [y.sub.i] denotes the output vectors of the models, and here it refers to [P.sub.abl]/[P.sub.abr], [P.sub.arl]/[P.sub.arr], [P.sub.afl]/[P.sub.afr], and [P.sub.atl]/[P.sub.atr] (blood pressure of left/right brachial, radial, femoral, and posterior tibial artery, resp.) which could be detected noninvasively; [[beta].sub.j] denotes all the parameters in the model (resistances, capacitances and inductances); [[beta].sub.0] denotes the nominal values for the parameters.
The death pulse should be read on the posterior tibial artery as Tibetan medical philosophy asserts that when the death cycle takes place, dissolution or disintegration of the energies of the body begin from the lower part of the body.
A year later (1990) the scar became increasingly tender and another wide local excision (dissecting out 2 plantar nerves, the posterior tibial artery and tendon to flexor hallucis longus) was done; histology showed plantar fibromatosis with involved margins.
Thereafter, the posterior tibial artery was catheterized distal to the pseudoaneurysm with a 185 cm 0.014 PT (2) MS micro guide (Boston Scientific Nathan Lane Plymouth, USA), and through it, two (3.5 x 16 mm and 5 x 19 mm) PTFE-covered stents were released (Jostent GraftMaster, Abbott Park, Illinois, USA), covering the pseudoaneurysm and excluding it from the circulation (Figure 3).
Brachial, radial, and ulnar artery were examined from the upper limbs and popliteal, anterior and posterior tibial artery from the lower limbs.
Of the five peripheral nerves supplying the foot, four travel in close proximity to vessels: the deep peroneal (lateral to anterior tibial artery), posterior tibial (posterior to posterior tibial artery), saphenous (long saphenous vein) and the sural nerve (short saphenous vein).
With the patient prone, the posterior tibial artery can be palpated (immediately posterior to the medial malleolus) and used as a landmark.
The tarsal tunnel is a fibro-osseous structure along the medial ankle that contains the tibial nerve, the posterior tibial artery, and the tendons of the tibialis posterior, flexor digitorum longus, and flexor hallucis longus.
The ABI measurement involves comparing systolic blood pressures of the upper extremity brachial artery with systolic blood pressures of the lower extremity, including the anterior or posterior tibial artery or the dorsal pedis artery.
Using a medial incision lateral to the posterior tibial artery, dissection of the tarsal tunnel was carried out.

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