autopsy

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autopsy:

see post-mortem examinationpost-mortem examination
or autopsy,
systematic examination of a cadaver for study or for determining the cause of death. Post-mortems use many methodical procedures to determine the etiology and pathogenesis of diseases, for epidemologic purposes, for establishment of
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.

Autopsy

 

(section, obduction), the examination of a corpse in order to clarify the nature of the morbid changes and establish the cause of death.

Autopsies maybe either pathologicoanatomical or medicolegal; the first explores death from various diseases in a medical facility, while the latter refers to deaths that may be ascribed to violent or criminal action and that are ordered investigated by legal authorities. Autopsy plays an enormous role in instruction and refinement of the physician’s knowledge (as a check for the validity of diagnosis and treatment). Autopsies are also used as a basis for the exploration of problems in thanatology and resuscitation and the statistical indexes of mortality and lethality. Data from medicolegal autopsies have an important and sometimes decisive influence in court. Pathologicoanatomical autopsy is carried out by a pathological anatomist-physician (prosector) in specially equipped institutions attached to clinics or hospitals; medicolegal autopsies are performed by an expert in forensic medicine at the morgue. Autopsies are performed according to a prescribed method, and the findings are presented either in an autopsy report (for pathologicoanatomical autopsy) or a legal statement (for medicolegal autopsy).

V. V. SEROV

autopsy

[′ȯ‚tap·sē]
(pathology)
A postmortem examination of the body to determine cause of death.

autopsy

dissection and examination of a dead body to determine the cause of death
References in periodicals archive ?
Chicago--A postmortem analysis of subjects with both Alzheimer's disease and diabetes found up to 80% fewer amyloid beta plaques in the brains of those who took both insulin and oral diabetic medication while alive.
Bush presidency has been eclipsed by raucous presidential campaigns, but as the administration comes to an end, a new season of academic presidential postmortem analysis is beginning.
CHICAGO -- A postmortem analysis of subjects with both Alzheimer's disease and diabetes found up to 80% fewer amyloid [beta] plaques in the brains of those who took both insulin and oral diabetic medication while alive.
Postmortem analysis of brains of patients with schizophrenia show reduced mRNA of reelin, (17) a protein produced in gamma-aminobutyric acid neurons involved in neuronal migration, axon branching, and synapse formation during brain development.
THE POLITICAL PARTIES inevitably engage in postmortem analysis and soul-searching after an election, which should leave Democrats with plenty to talk about.
The good to come from it is the postmortem analysis of what went wrong and in lessons learned.