Thyroiditis

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thyroiditis

[‚thī‚rȯi′dīd·əs]
(medicine)
Inflammation of the thyroid gland.

Thyroiditis

 

inflammation of the thyroid gland caused by nonspecific infection (for example, staphylococcosis), specific infection (tuberculosis), poisoning (by lead or carbon monoxide), or autoimmune diseases. Symptoms include pain upon swallowing or moving the head backward, throbbing pain in the ears and lower jaw, elevated body temperature, enlargement of the neck, and tenderness of the regional lymph nodes. The course of thyroiditis may be acute, subacute, or chronic. Treatment calls for the use of antiinflammatory agents, analgesics, antibiotics, corticosteroids, thyroidin, and vitamins. Suppurative thyroiditis is treated surgically.

References in periodicals archive ?
Thyroiditis encompasses many relatively common thyroid disorders which have been classified into (1) HT (Chronic lymphocytic thyroiditis), (2) postpartum thyroiditis, (3) painless sporadic thyroiditis, (4) De Quervain's thyroiditis (Subacute granulomatous thyroiditis), (5) suppurative thyroiditis, (6) drug-induced thyroiditis, and (7) Riedel's thyroiditis [3].
Postpartum thyroiditis and autoimmune thyroiditis in women of childbearing age: recent insight and consequences for antenatal and postnatal care.
However, Graves' disease is much less common than postpartum thyroiditis, said Dr.
"So, if you were a betting person, you would bet that it's postpartum thyroiditis." If the diagnosis is really unclear, radioiodine uptake tests can be performed but most women will likely choose to wait and see, she said.
Different pathologic conditions of retrieved painless thyroiditis encompass the following: 13 subjects (52%) with painless sporadic thyroiditis, 2 subjects (8%) with Hashimoto's thyroiditis, 1 subject (4%) with painless postpartum thyroiditis, and 1 subject (4%) with painless drug- (lithium) induced thyroiditis.
Negro, "High rate of persistent hypothyroidism in a large-scale prospective study of postpartum thyroiditis in Southern Italy," The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, vol.
Postpartum thyroiditis is not different from silent thyroiditis clinically, except that it occurs after pregnancy.
Postpartum thyroiditis may be associated with depression or aggravate symptoms of depression, although the data on this association are conflicting.
How common is postpartum thyroiditis? Arch Intern Med 1990;150:1397-400.
Postpartum thyroiditis is common, yet its presence frequently goes unrecognized.
The clinical spectrum of autoimmune diseases encompasses Hashimoto thyroiditis (the most common form), Graves' disease, postpartum thyroiditis, drug induced thyroiditis, thyroiditis within polyglandular autoimmune syndromes, and atrophic thyroiditis [15].
The ATA Guidelines have defined postpartum thyroiditis (PPT) as the occurrence of thyroid dysfunction in the first postpartum year in women who were euthyroid prior to pregnancy [118].