Postposition


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Related to Postposition: prepositions

Postposition

 

a class of auxiliary words having the meaning of prepositions, but occurring postpositively, that is, after the words they govern. Postpositions are common in various languages, including the Finno-Ugric, Turkic, Mongolian, Caucasian, and Tunguso-Manchurian. Examples are seen in the Tatar tavlar arasïnda (“between the mountains”; arasïnda means “between”), the Chuvash shïv urla (“across the river”; urla means “across”), and the Hungarian a tábla mellett (“beside the board”; mellett means “beside”). Some postpositions may take a case ending, as can be seen by comparing the Zyrian pu vylyn (“on the tree”; locative case), pu vylyś (“away from the tree”; ablative case), and pu vylǝ (“onto the tree”; aditive case). In some instances, postpositions are also used as substantives and with an independent meaning, as in the Tatar ara (“space,” “interval”) and arasïnda (“between”) and the Udmurt vylyn (“on”) and vyl (“surface”).

References in periodicals archive ?
In (10a), the GOAL meaning of IN is encoded by changing the word order: a preposition becomes a postposition.
In Japanese, the case of a noun phrase is determined by the postposition appended to it.
We had to correct some wrong tag assignments by ChaSen, in particular regarding different uses of postpositions.
It tells us that learners may be treating a particle as a preposition for the following verb rather than a postposition for the preceding noun.
This actuality of things is emphasized by the postposition of the color adjective, in accordance with normal, non-poetic usage: it excludes any metaphorical interpretation.
Les creolistes relexificationistes invoquent beaucoup de traits structurels, par exemple les locutions interrogatives, et la determination nominale, (particulierement la postposition de la marque du pluriel et du defini; voir Lefebvre 1998) pour defendre leur hypothese.
The intransitive use of the phrasal verb ongean(ge)wendan, with postposition of the adverb in finite forms, is insufficiently documented in the dictionaries and in the pertinent lexical study.
4 The postposition of `nec' (in `suae/nec tecta domus') is certainly acceptable in the Octauia ;s to refer `suae' to `domus' in the following line is less so, on the other hand, because syntactical and metrical units tend to coincide in anapaestic sequences.
They do not form adjectival participle with their internal argument, do not accept the postposition of their arguments and accept a cognate/ hyponym object:
This case is expressed by the marker -lasen and approximately corresponds to the literary Udmurt recessive postposition lasan in terms of semantics ([TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] 390).
6: The postposition -da does not have a comitative nuance here
It involves the postposition otherwise used to introduce the passive agent (which is not a participant).