Postposition


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Related to Postposition: prepositions

Postposition

 

a class of auxiliary words having the meaning of prepositions, but occurring postpositively, that is, after the words they govern. Postpositions are common in various languages, including the Finno-Ugric, Turkic, Mongolian, Caucasian, and Tunguso-Manchurian. Examples are seen in the Tatar tavlar arasïnda (“between the mountains”; arasïnda means “between”), the Chuvash shïv urla (“across the river”; urla means “across”), and the Hungarian a tábla mellett (“beside the board”; mellett means “beside”). Some postpositions may take a case ending, as can be seen by comparing the Zyrian pu vylyn (“on the tree”; locative case), pu vylyś (“away from the tree”; ablative case), and pu vylǝ (“onto the tree”; aditive case). In some instances, postpositions are also used as substantives and with an independent meaning, as in the Tatar ara (“space,” “interval”) and arasïnda (“between”) and the Udmurt vylyn (“on”) and vyl (“surface”).

References in periodicals archive ?
7) First, postpositions allow ellipsis under coordination of the postposition and the head noun while case suffixes do not:
A strong tendency in Finnish is that the complement of a postposition is marked with the genitive, whereas complements of prepositions favor the partitive.
The differences between preposition (baseline immediately before position change) and postposition (15 minutes after position change) measurements for Pbt[O.
The same meaning in Dutch in (7b) is expressed by means of the postposition vandaan.
In Japanese, the case of a noun phrase is determined by the postposition appended to it.
We had to correct some wrong tag assignments by ChaSen, in particular regarding different uses of postpositions.
Le probleme que pose ergo n'est pas celui de son accentuation anormale, qui n'est qu'un reflet; c'est celui d'une hesitation entre les statuts de conjonction (alors rationalis) et de postposition, souvent analysee comme un ancien nom fige, voire comme un adverbe (cf.
As is noted in a disclaimer (which will be overlooked by many, as it is oddly buried in the back of the book), although superscript vowels are reproduced in postposition, superscript symbols reflecting abbreviated syllables (-em, -en, -er, etc.
They may have misanalyzed a particle as a preposition for the following verb rather than a postposition for the preceding noun.
This actuality of things is emphasized by the postposition of the color adjective, in accordance with normal, non-poetic usage: it excludes any metaphorical interpretation.
Les creolistes relexificationistes invoquent beaucoup de traits structurels, par exemple les locutions interrogatives, et la determination nominale, (particulierement la postposition de la marque du pluriel et du defini; voir Lefebvre 1998) pour defendre leur hypothese.
The intransitive use of the phrasal verb ongean(ge)wendan, with postposition of the adverb in finite forms, is insufficiently documented in the dictionaries and in the pertinent lexical study.