Potawatomi


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Potawatomi

(pŏt'əwŏt`əmē), Native North Americans whose language belongs to the Algonquian branch of the Algonquian-Wakashan linguistic stock (see Native American languagesNative American languages,
languages of the native peoples of the Western Hemisphere and their descendants. A number of the Native American languages that were spoken at the time of the European arrival in the New World in the late 15th cent.
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). They are closely related to the Ojibwa and Ottawa; their traditions state that all three were originally one people. The Potawatomi are of the Eastern Woodlands cultural area (see under Natives, North AmericanNatives, North American,
peoples who occupied North America before the arrival of the Europeans in the 15th cent. They have long been known as Indians because of the belief prevalent at the time of Columbus that the Americas were the outer reaches of the Indies (i.e.
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).

In the early 17th cent., when first encountered by the whites, the Potawatomi lived near the mouth of Green Bay in Wisconsin. By the end of the century, however, they had been driven (probably by the Sioux) S along Lake Michigan and were settled on both sides of the southern end of the lake. After the Illinois were conquered (c.1765), they advanced into NE Illinois, S Michigan, and later NW Indiana. They were friendly to the French and aided them against the English. The Potawatomi supported Pontiac's RebellionPontiac's Rebellion,
 Pontiac's Conspiracy,
or Pontiac's War,
1763–66, Native American uprising against the British just after the close of the French and Indian Wars, so called after one of its leaders, Pontiac.
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, fought against the United States in the battles headed by Little Turtle, took part in the battle of Fallen Timbers, and signed the Treaty of Greenville (1795). They sided with the British in the War of 1812. With the advancing frontier, the Potawatomi retreated westward to Iowa and Kansas, although a portion went to Walpole Island in Canada. From the reservation in Kansas where they had gathered, a large group moved (1868) to Oklahoma Indian Territory; this group, which held lands in severalty, became known as Citizen Potawatomi. They also have reservations in Michigan and Wisconsin. In 1990 there were close to 17,000 Potawatomi in the United States; another group has a reserve in Ontario. Their name is also spelled Potawatami, Pottawatami, and Pottawatomi.

Bibliography

See R. Landes, The Prairie Potawatomi (1970).

References in periodicals archive ?
"The Potawatomi nation is essentially an independent state within Oklahoma, they can control issues such as setting their own tax and business regulations.
PThe Native A Potawatomi facts e Potawatomi are a American people of the Great Plains, upper Mississippi River, and western Great Lakes region.
Because so many cultural items like Agnes Topash's purse were kept in families or sold to non-Natives, some believe that the Michigan Potawatomi never truly developed a signature beadwork style in the same way that other Native-American tribes, such as the Potawatomi in Wisconsin, did.
Low describes the history between the Pokagon Band of Potawatomi Indians and ChicagoAEs non-Native culture and inhabitants.
“We are happy to support the Potawatomi Area Council, Boy Scouts of America Annual Kickball Tournament.
In operation since January, the Potawatomi Grind2Energy system is on track to divert more than 180 tons of scraps.
Matt Wesaw, the chairman of the Pokagon Band of Potawatomi Indians, said, 'Memorial Children's Hospital has been providing top-quality paediatric health care services to those most in need in the South Bend and surrounding communities for many years.
My morn has some Potawatomi end Ottawa Indian in her."
Ona Knoxsah, Prairie Band of Potawatomi, found out just how crucial community was when she transferred from a tribal college to the University of Minnesota-Twin Cities.
27, 2008, of pulmonary failure, grew up poor in Sacred Heart, Okla., in the Dust Bowl, on territorial lands of the Potawatomi Tribe.
Coverage of the four directions is achieved with new representation from Aleut, Diegueno, Karuk, Penobscot, Potawatomi, Spokane, Ute, and Wintun tribes.
enhanced with a 'Map of featured Tribes' (including the Creek, Cherokee, Apache, Navajo, Potawatomi, Crow, Cheyenne, Blackfeet, Pawnee, and Yup'ik); author and expert reviewer biographies, bibliography, and index, "American Indian" is an impressively and recommended work that is an essential addition to community and academic library Native American Studies reference collections, as well as highly recommended non-specialist general readers with an interest in the diversity and history of Native American cultures.