Potawatomi


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Potawatomi

(pŏt'əwŏt`əmē), Native North Americans whose language belongs to the Algonquian branch of the Algonquian-Wakashan linguistic stock (see Native American languagesNative American languages,
languages of the native peoples of the Western Hemisphere and their descendants. A number of the Native American languages that were spoken at the time of the European arrival in the New World in the late 15th cent.
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). They are closely related to the Ojibwa and Ottawa; their traditions state that all three were originally one people. The Potawatomi are of the Eastern Woodlands cultural area (see under Natives, North AmericanNatives, North American,
peoples who occupied North America before the arrival of the Europeans in the 15th cent. They have long been known as Indians because of the belief prevalent at the time of Columbus that the Americas were the outer reaches of the Indies (i.e.
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).

In the early 17th cent., when first encountered by the whites, the Potawatomi lived near the mouth of Green Bay in Wisconsin. By the end of the century, however, they had been driven (probably by the Sioux) S along Lake Michigan and were settled on both sides of the southern end of the lake. After the Illinois were conquered (c.1765), they advanced into NE Illinois, S Michigan, and later NW Indiana. They were friendly to the French and aided them against the English. The Potawatomi supported Pontiac's RebellionPontiac's Rebellion,
 Pontiac's Conspiracy,
or Pontiac's War,
1763–66, Native American uprising against the British just after the close of the French and Indian Wars, so called after one of its leaders, Pontiac.
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, fought against the United States in the battles headed by Little Turtle, took part in the battle of Fallen Timbers, and signed the Treaty of Greenville (1795). They sided with the British in the War of 1812. With the advancing frontier, the Potawatomi retreated westward to Iowa and Kansas, although a portion went to Walpole Island in Canada. From the reservation in Kansas where they had gathered, a large group moved (1868) to Oklahoma Indian Territory; this group, which held lands in severalty, became known as Citizen Potawatomi. They also have reservations in Michigan and Wisconsin. In 1990 there were close to 17,000 Potawatomi in the United States; another group has a reserve in Ontario. Their name is also spelled Potawatami, Pottawatami, and Pottawatomi.

Bibliography

See R. Landes, The Prairie Potawatomi (1970).

References in periodicals archive ?
Route 6, which generally follows the one-time Sauk Trail, to the North Shore's Green Bay Road, thought to have been a Potawatomi trail.
In operation since January, the Potawatomi Grind2Energy system is on track to divert more than 180 tons of scraps.
Matt Wesaw, the chairman of the Pokagon Band of Potawatomi Indians, said, 'Memorial Children's Hospital has been providing top-quality paediatric health care services to those most in need in the South Bend and surrounding communities for many years.
According to Lillian, her father's Potawatomi people were known as the fire-keepers.
Kim Wensaut, Potawatomi of Wisconsin, graduated from the University of Minnesota-Twin Cities in 1994 with a degree in American Indian studies, which included two years of Ojibwe language study.
recognized a number of employees during its annual Employee-Owner's Celebration, held March 3 at the Potawatomi Inn in Angola, Ind.
Tonto Press founders Paul Brown and Stuart Wheatman remind us that he was the son of a chief in the Potawatomi nation whose name translates as Wild One.
Shortly after noon on Saturday at the 2004 Gathering of the Potawatomi Nation, hosted by the Citizen Potawatomi Nation, I left the language seminar coordinated by Justin Neely, a Citizen Potawatomi member and the Hannahville Indian School's new Potawatomi language teacher, and Don Perrot, a Prairie Band Potawatomi member.
And to state that "Native Americans are too small a group to obtain justice on their own" is ironic when my brother sat in the Supreme Court as treasurer of the Prairie Band Potawatomi Nation on Oct.
The Potawatomi Zoo in South Bend, Indiana, continues to play an integral role in the reintroduction of these magnificent birds, which now maintain wild populations between 4,900 and 5,400.
Test your luck and love of games at the Potawatomi Casino.
After sections on the early history of Wisconsin native peoples and on the arrival and effects, both positive and negative, of the arrival of the Europeans, Loew sketches the history of the Ho-Chunk, the Menominee, the Potawatomi, the Mohican, the Oneida, the Brothertown and six bands of Ojibwe.