Potawatomi

(redirected from Potawatomi Indians)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus.

Potawatomi

(pŏt'əwŏt`əmē), Native North Americans whose language belongs to the Algonquian branch of the Algonquian-Wakashan linguistic stock (see Native American languagesNative American languages,
languages of the native peoples of the Western Hemisphere and their descendants. A number of the Native American languages that were spoken at the time of the European arrival in the New World in the late 15th cent.
..... Click the link for more information.
). They are closely related to the Ojibwa and Ottawa; their traditions state that all three were originally one people. The Potawatomi are of the Eastern Woodlands cultural area (see under Natives, North AmericanNatives, North American,
peoples who occupied North America before the arrival of the Europeans in the 15th cent. They have long been known as Indians because of the belief prevalent at the time of Columbus that the Americas were the outer reaches of the Indies (i.e.
..... Click the link for more information.
).

In the early 17th cent., when first encountered by the whites, the Potawatomi lived near the mouth of Green Bay in Wisconsin. By the end of the century, however, they had been driven (probably by the Sioux) S along Lake Michigan and were settled on both sides of the southern end of the lake. After the Illinois were conquered (c.1765), they advanced into NE Illinois, S Michigan, and later NW Indiana. They were friendly to the French and aided them against the English. The Potawatomi supported Pontiac's RebellionPontiac's Rebellion,
 Pontiac's Conspiracy,
or Pontiac's War,
1763–66, Native American uprising against the British just after the close of the French and Indian Wars, so called after one of its leaders, Pontiac.
..... Click the link for more information.
, fought against the United States in the battles headed by Little Turtle, took part in the battle of Fallen Timbers, and signed the Treaty of Greenville (1795). They sided with the British in the War of 1812. With the advancing frontier, the Potawatomi retreated westward to Iowa and Kansas, although a portion went to Walpole Island in Canada. From the reservation in Kansas where they had gathered, a large group moved (1868) to Oklahoma Indian Territory; this group, which held lands in severalty, became known as Citizen Potawatomi. They also have reservations in Michigan and Wisconsin. In 1990 there were close to 17,000 Potawatomi in the United States; another group has a reserve in Ontario. Their name is also spelled Potawatami, Pottawatami, and Pottawatomi.

Bibliography

See R. Landes, The Prairie Potawatomi (1970).

References in periodicals archive ?
Match-e-be-nash-she-wish (Gun Lake) Band of Potawatomi Indians
Matt Wesaw, the chairman of the Pokagon Band of Potawatomi Indians, said, 'We are thrilled to partner with the LPGA and bring this exciting tournament to the city of South Bend.
Matt Wesaw, the chairman of the Pokagon Band of Potawatomi Indians, said, 'Hartford is an area that is home to a large number of Pokagon Citizens and we are extremely proud to open a new Four Winds Casino here.
Matt Wesaw, the chairman of the Pokagon Band of Potawatomi Indians, said, 'The early buy-out of our management agreement with Lakes Entertainment is a direct result of the tremendous success we have achieved with Four Winds Casino Resort.
Matt Wesaw, chairman of the Pokagon Band of Potawatomi Indians, said, 'The expansion validates the continued success we have had at Four Winds Casino Resort since it opened in August 2007.
Four Winds Casino Resort, a US-based resort owned by the Pokagon Band of Potawatomi Indians, has announced that a new casino, Four Winds Hartford, will open in August 2011.
Four Winds Casino Resort, a US-based resort owned by Pokagon Band of Potawatomi Indians, has announced a grand prize to be awarded to W Club members in March 2011.
Four Winds Casino Resort, a US-based resort owned by the Pokagon Band of Potawatomi Indians, has announced a grand cash prize to be awarded to a W Club member in August 2010.