Potawatomi

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Potawatomi

(pŏt'əwŏt`əmē), Native North Americans whose language belongs to the Algonquian branch of the Algonquian-Wakashan linguistic stock (see Native American languagesNative American languages,
languages of the native peoples of the Western Hemisphere and their descendants. A number of the Native American languages that were spoken at the time of the European arrival in the New World in the late 15th cent.
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). They are closely related to the Ojibwa and Ottawa; their traditions state that all three were originally one people. The Potawatomi are of the Eastern Woodlands cultural area (see under Natives, North AmericanNatives, North American,
peoples who occupied North America before the arrival of the Europeans in the 15th cent. They have long been known as Indians because of the belief prevalent at the time of Columbus that the Americas were the outer reaches of the Indies (i.e.
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).

In the early 17th cent., when first encountered by the whites, the Potawatomi lived near the mouth of Green Bay in Wisconsin. By the end of the century, however, they had been driven (probably by the Sioux) S along Lake Michigan and were settled on both sides of the southern end of the lake. After the Illinois were conquered (c.1765), they advanced into NE Illinois, S Michigan, and later NW Indiana. They were friendly to the French and aided them against the English. The Potawatomi supported Pontiac's RebellionPontiac's Rebellion,
 Pontiac's Conspiracy,
or Pontiac's War,
1763–66, Native American uprising against the British just after the close of the French and Indian Wars, so called after one of its leaders, Pontiac.
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, fought against the United States in the battles headed by Little Turtle, took part in the battle of Fallen Timbers, and signed the Treaty of Greenville (1795). They sided with the British in the War of 1812. With the advancing frontier, the Potawatomi retreated westward to Iowa and Kansas, although a portion went to Walpole Island in Canada. From the reservation in Kansas where they had gathered, a large group moved (1868) to Oklahoma Indian Territory; this group, which held lands in severalty, became known as Citizen Potawatomi. They also have reservations in Michigan and Wisconsin. In 1990 there were close to 17,000 Potawatomi in the United States; another group has a reserve in Ontario. Their name is also spelled Potawatami, Pottawatami, and Pottawatomi.

Bibliography

See R. Landes, The Prairie Potawatomi (1970).

References in periodicals archive ?
214, for The Nottawaseppi Huron Band of Potawatomi Indians
Matt Wesaw, the chairman of the Pokagon Band of Potawatomi Indians, said, 'The early buy-out of our management agreement with Lakes Entertainment is a direct result of the tremendous success we have achieved with Four Winds Casino Resort.
Matt Wesaw, chairman of the Pokagon Band of Potawatomi Indians, said, 'The expansion validates the continued success we have had at Four Winds Casino Resort since it opened in August 2007.
We want to celebrate and thank everyone for all of their support through the years at our ground breaking celebration," said Tribal Chairman John Miller of the Pokagon Band of Potawatomi Indians.
CONTACT: Donna Halinski, +1-517-372-4400 or +1-517-449-9815, for Pokagon Band of Potawatomi Indians
Lakes is currently managing the Four Winds Casino Resort for the Pokagon Band of Potawatomi Indians and the Red Hawk Casino for the Shingle Springs Band of Miwok Indians.
Four Winds Casino Resort, a US-based resort owned by Pokagon Band of Potawatomi Indians, has announced a grand prize to be awarded to W Club members in March 2011.
Full House") reported today that its Battle Creek, Michigan project in conjunction with the Nottawaseppi Huron Band of Potawatomi Indians is proceeding on schedule.
In addition to the management agreement with the Nottawaseppi Huron Band of Potawatomi Indians for the development and management of a first-class casino/resort with more than 2,000 gaming devices in the Battle Creek, Michigan area, which is currently in the pre-development stage, Full House manages Midway Slots and Simulcast at the Delaware State Fairgrounds in Harrington, Delaware, along with the owner of the adjacent racetrack.
The company has a management agreement with the Nottawaseppi Huron Band of Potawatomi Indians for the development and management of a casino/resort with more than 2,000 gaming devices in the Battle Creek, Michigan area, which is currently in the pre-development stage.
The Company has a management agreement with the Nottawaseppi Huron Band of the Potawatomi Indians for FireKeepers Casino in Battle Creek, Michigan with approximately 2,700 gaming devices, 78 table games and a 120-seat poker room.
March 25 /PRNewswire/ -- Federal District Court Judge James Robertson has ruled in favor of the Pokagon Band of Potawatomi Indians by dismissing the last remaining issue filed in the lawsuit by Taxpayers of Michigan Against Casinos (TOMAC).