Potchefstroom

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Potchefstroom

(pŏch`əfstrōm, –stro͞om), city, now part and seat of Tlokwe local municipality, North West prov. (in what formerly was part of TransvaalTransvaal
, former province, NE South Africa. With the new constitution of 1994, it was divided into Eastern Transvaal (now Mpumalanga), Northern Transvaal (now Limpopo), Pretoria-Witwatersrand-Veereeniging (now Gauteng), and part of North West prov.
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), NE South Africa. Located in a fertile farming region, Potchefstroom is the center of one of the world's richest gold-mining districts. Uranium is also mined. The town has malt factories and timber and metal industries.

The oldest European town in what was the Transvaal, Potchefstroom was founded in 1838 and served as capital of the Transvaal until 1860. The fort where British forces were defeated during the Transvaal rebellion of 1880–81 is now a national monument. The British captured Potchefstroom during the South African WarSouth African War
or Boer War,
1899–1902, war of the South African Republic (Transvaal) and the Orange Free State against Great Britain. Background
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 of 1899 to 1902. The city's main growth dates from 1933, when gold was discovered nearby. A campus of North-West Univ. is there.

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Potchefstroom

 

a city in the Republic of South Africa, in the southern part of the Transvaal Province. Population 55,300 (1970). Founded in 1838, Potchefstroom is an important gold-mining center in the Witwatersrand region. The city is a railroad junction and the commercial center of an agricultural region (corn, durra, cattle); it also has food-processing, lumber, and metalworking enterprises. Potchefstroom has a university and higher technical and commercial schools.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Higher Education and Science and Technology Deputy Minister Buti Manamela will on Wednesday launch the South African Centre for Digital Language Resources (SADiLaR) in Potchefstroom, North West.This is a platform that creates and manages digital resources and software supporting research and development in language technologies and language-related studies in all South Africa's official languages.
To stimulate dialogue on the status of mitochondrial disease diagnosis and research in SA, a workshop was convened in Potchefstroom, North West Province, in November 2014 that enabled a small group of local scientists and clinicians to engage with colleagues from the UK on this subject.
(2) Centre of Excellence for Pharmaceutical Sciences, School of Pharmacy, Faculty of Health Sciences, North-West University, Potchefstroom, North West, South Africa