Potidaea


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Related to Potidaea: Chaeronea, Aegospotami, Nicias

Potidaea

(pŏtĭdē`ə), ancient city, NE Greece, at the narrowest point of the Pallene (now Kassándra) peninsula in Chalcidice (now Khalkidhikí). It was a Corinthian colony (c.600 B.C.) but joined the Athenian-dominated Delian League. Potidaea revolted (432) against Athens with Corinthian help, providing one of the incitements to the Peloponnesian WarPeloponnesian War
, 431–404 B.C., decisive struggle in ancient Greece between Athens and Sparta. It ruined Athens, at least for a time. The rivalry between Athens' maritime domain and Sparta's land empire was of long standing. Athens under Pericles (from 445 B.C.
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. Athens recaptured (430 or 429) the city. Philip IIPhilip II,
382–336 B.C., king of Macedon (359–336 B.C.), son of Amyntas II. While a hostage in Thebes (367–364), he gained much knowledge of Greece and its people.
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 of Macedon took (356) Potidaea and may have destroyed it in the ensuing war. Rebuilt by Cassander, the city was named Cassandreia.

Potidaea

 

(Poteidaia or Potidaia), an ancient Greek city on the Pallini (Kassandra) Peninsula of Chalcidice. Founded circa 600 B.C. by the Corinthians, Potidaea became a member of the Delian League. However, because of an increase in the phoros (the annual levy required from league members) and interference by Athens in the city’s domestic affairs, Potidaea seceded from the league in 432 B.C. This action was one of the causes of the Peloponnesian War of 431–404 B.C.

References in periodicals archive ?
Socrates speaks of Potidaea to an audience that includes not only Chaerephon, an extreme democrat, but also Critias and Charmides, two who would later be members of the oligarchic Thirty Tyrants who ruled Athens so ruthlessly in the wake of its defeat in the Peloponnesian War.(7) The potential for violence in politics frames the dialogue.(8)
As the Corinthians later reminded the Athenians, were it not for their dissent the Second Peloponnesian War might well have started over Samos in 441 rather than over Corcyra, Potidaea, and Megara in 431 (1.41).
85, 214), and the incident is recalled when Socrates saved Alcibiades' life at Potidaea. (55) Heller stresses Alcibiades' playboy reputation: his seduction of the wife of the Spartan king (Vit.
Badian, From Platuea to Potidaea: Studies in the History and Historiography of the Pentecontaetia (Baltimore, 1993) ; E.
they proceeded towards Potidaea' (1.61.3 [GREEK TEXT OMITTED]).(3) Thus the Athenian army left 'Macedonia' as it crossed the lowest reach of the Haliacmon and entered, en route to Beroea, the territory which Herodotus had called 'Bottiaeis' and which Thucydides called 'Bottia' (2.99.3) and 'Bottiaea' (2.100.4).
Potidaea and Plataea had been lost, Attica repeatedly laid waste, and an overcrowded Athens ravaged by plague.
I now think that this was an overstatement, especially since a few lines before making the statement quoted above Socrates refers to his military commanders at Potidaea, Amphipolis, and Delium as his superiors, though he does not use the word beltion to describe them; and there is no reason to think that he would have thought of them as better human beings than he.(18)
Principal battles: Samos (440); siege of Potidaea (432-431); Chalcis (Khalkis), Naupactus (Navpaktos) (429).
At an Athenian expedition to Potidaea, in Macedonia, Alcibiades fell wounded.
(31) This is supposed to have occurred when he went on campaign with Alcibiades to Potidaea. Most people would have set their thinking aside and would have turned their attention to sleeping or to matters related to the campaign, but Socrates was a lover of wisdom ([TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]).
From Plataea to Potidaea: Studies in the history and historiography of the Pentecontaetia.
As a defensive measure, the Athenians attacked their own ally Potidaea, which they believed was too closely connected to Corinth, which was its mother city as well, an action that only further enraged the Corinthians.