Potidaea

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Potidaea

(pŏtĭdē`ə), ancient city, NE Greece, at the narrowest point of the Pallene (now Kassándra) peninsula in Chalcidice (now Khalkidhikí). It was a Corinthian colony (c.600 B.C.) but joined the Athenian-dominated Delian League. Potidaea revolted (432) against Athens with Corinthian help, providing one of the incitements to the Peloponnesian WarPeloponnesian War
, 431–404 B.C., decisive struggle in ancient Greece between Athens and Sparta. It ruined Athens, at least for a time. The rivalry between Athens' maritime domain and Sparta's land empire was of long standing. Athens under Pericles (from 445 B.C.
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. Athens recaptured (430 or 429) the city. Philip IIPhilip II,
382–336 B.C., king of Macedon (359–336 B.C.), son of Amyntas II. While a hostage in Thebes (367–364), he gained much knowledge of Greece and its people.
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 of Macedon took (356) Potidaea and may have destroyed it in the ensuing war. Rebuilt by Cassander, the city was named Cassandreia.

Potidaea

 

(Poteidaia or Potidaia), an ancient Greek city on the Pallini (Kassandra) Peninsula of Chalcidice. Founded circa 600 B.C. by the Corinthians, Potidaea became a member of the Delian League. However, because of an increase in the phoros (the annual levy required from league members) and interference by Athens in the city’s domestic affairs, Potidaea seceded from the league in 432 B.C. This action was one of the causes of the Peloponnesian War of 431–404 B.C.

References in periodicals archive ?
Asimismo recuerda la superioridad suya en medio de las adversidades que vivio junto al mismo Alcibiades en Potidea (Banquete 219e).
This is how Thucydides nails down the beginning of the Peloponnesian War: "In the 15th year [of a truce in the war], in the 48th year of the priesthood of Chrysis of Argos, when Enesias was ephor at Sparta and Pythodorus still had two months to serve as archon at Athens, six months after the battle of Potidea, just at the beginning of spring.
A los 29 anos marcho bajo el mando de Pericles y en compania de su amigo Arquelao a la isla de Samos; a los 37, coincidio en filas con otro amigo suyo, el turbulento Alcibiades, en Potidea.
A pesar de ello Rohde no observa aqui una innovacion, sino que pone estos versos en relacion con testimonios de la creencia en la dualidad de la naturaleza del ser humano, cuyo cuerpo, al morir, va a la tierra y el alma al eter, por ejemplo, los epitafios, como el dedicado a los caidos en Potidea, GV 20 (432 a.
Tal es la queja de los megarenses contra los atenienses, expuesta en la Asamblea Popular, convocada por los espartanos para oir a todos los aliados, lesionados por los atenienses despues del sitio de Potidea.
Todo ello, unido a los buenos resultados en la guerra contra la sublevada Potidea, iniciada hacia el 433 a.