Potsdam Conference


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Potsdam Conference,

meeting (July 17–Aug. 2, 1945) of the principal Allies in World War II (the United States, the USSR, and Great Britain) to clarify and implement agreements previously reached at the Yalta ConferenceYalta Conference,
meeting (Feb. 4–11, 1945), at Yalta, Crimea, USSR, of British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, U.S. President Franklin Delano Roosevelt, and Soviet Premier Joseph Stalin.
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. The chief representatives were President Truman, Premier Stalin, Prime Minister Churchill, and, after Churchill's defeat in the British elections, Prime Minister Attlee. The foreign ministers of the three nations were also present. The so-called Potsdam Agreement transferred the chief authority in Germany to the American, Russian, British, and French military commanders in their respective zones of occupation and to a four-power Allied Control Council for matters regarding the whole of Germany. The Allies set up a new system of rule for Germany, aimed at outlawing National Socialism and abolishing Nazi ideology, at disarming Germany and preventing its again becoming a military power, and at fostering democratic ideals and introducing representative and elective principles of government. The German economy was to be decentralized, and monopolies were to be broken up; the development of agriculture was to be emphasized in reorganizing the German economy. All former German territory E of the Oder and Neisse rivers was transferred to Polish and Soviet administration, pending a final peace treaty. The German population in these territories and in other parts of Eastern Europe was to be transferred to Germany. A mode for German reparationsreparations,
payments or other compensation offered as an indemnity for loss or damage. Although the term is used to cover payments made to Holocaust survivors and to Japanese Americans interned during World War II in so-called relocation camps (and used as well to describe
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 payments was outlined. A Council of Foreign MinistersForeign Ministers, Council of,
organization of the foreign ministers of the World War II Allies—the United States, Great Britain, France, and the USSR—that, in a long series of meetings, attempted to reach political settlements after the war.
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 was established to consider peace settlements. The so-called Potsdam Declaration issued (July 26) by the conference presented an ultimatum to Japan, offering that nation the choice between unconditional surrender and total destruction. (The atom bomb was not actually mentioned.) Rarely was any agreement so consistently breached as was the Potsdam Agreement. The work of the Allied Control Council for Germany was at first blocked by France, which did not feel bound by an agreement to which it had not been party; the council had not even begun to function when the rift caused by the cold warcold war,
term used to describe the shifting struggle for power and prestige between the Western powers and the Communist bloc from the end of World War II until 1989. Of worldwide proportions, the conflict was tacit in the ideological differences between communism and
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 broke it up. The vague wording and tentative provisions of the Potsdam Agreement, allowing a wide range of interpretation, have been blamed for its failure.

Potsdam Conference

unconditional Japanese surrender demanded; war crimes trials planned (July, 1945). [World Hist.: Van Doren, 507]
References in periodicals archive ?
See also The Potsdam Conference 1945, supra note 52, and accompanying text (detailing agreements made by Allied leaders to reconstruct Germany).
Six chapters and conclusion are: the Potsdam conference: the beginning of the Cold War?; the Bandung conference: the rise of the developing world; the beginning of d<AEe>tente: the Glassboro summit; the 1972 Beijing conference: Nixon and Mao change the world; the Vienna summit: the beginning of the end of d<AEe>tente; the Malta summit: the end of the Cold War.
Truman, Soviet leader Josef Stalin and British Prime Minister Clement Attlee concluded the Potsdam conference.
The seventeen chapters open with Truman on his way home from the epic Potsdam conference, having already authorized dropping the bombs.
In the event, the author is concerned with the background to the speech and begins with the Potsdam conference and the difficulties faced by Churchill and Truman.
But, says Plokhy, the "blame" for the division of Europe into rival spheres of influence should more accurately be laid at the doorsteps not of Yalta but of two other wartime summits intended to shape the postwar peace, namely, the Moscow conference of October 1944, between the British and Soviet leaders, and the Potsdam conference of July 1945, involving the same trio of countries as at Yalta.
He's returning to Berlin for the first time since the 30s, ostensibly to cover the Potsdam conference but also to find Lena Brandt (Cate Blanchett), the girl he left behind.
At the Potsdam Conference in July and August 1945, without consulting the Korean people, the allies unilaterally decided to divide Korea, a clear violation of the Cairo Conference.
While in post-war Berlin to cover the Potsdam Conference, an American military journalist is drawn into a murder investigation which involves his former mistress and his driver
Bush, Willa Cather, coal mining, the Confederate States of America, Miles Davis, the Dust Bowl, the Enola Gay, the Free Soil Party, French and Dutch immigration, The Grapes of Wrath, William Randolph Hearst, indentured servitude, the Internet revolution, Henry Kissinger, the Ku Klux Klan, Malcolm X, muckraking, the My Lai Massacre, the Potsdam Conference, Students for a Democratic Society, the telegraph, weapons of mass destruction, and Brigham Young..
Following the final defeat of the Nazis in Europe in May 1945, the Czechs, full of hatred for their oppressors, launched a policy of vengeful expulsion, an initiative ultimately sanctioned by the Allies at the Potsdam Conference in July 1945.