Potawatomi

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Potawatomi

(pŏt'əwŏt`əmē), Native North Americans whose language belongs to the Algonquian branch of the Algonquian-Wakashan linguistic stock (see Native American languagesNative American languages,
languages of the native peoples of the Western Hemisphere and their descendants. A number of the Native American languages that were spoken at the time of the European arrival in the New World in the late 15th cent.
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). They are closely related to the Ojibwa and Ottawa; their traditions state that all three were originally one people. The Potawatomi are of the Eastern Woodlands cultural area (see under Natives, North AmericanNatives, North American,
peoples who occupied North America before the arrival of the Europeans in the 15th cent. They have long been known as Indians because of the belief prevalent at the time of Columbus that the Americas were the outer reaches of the Indies (i.e.
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).

In the early 17th cent., when first encountered by the whites, the Potawatomi lived near the mouth of Green Bay in Wisconsin. By the end of the century, however, they had been driven (probably by the Sioux) S along Lake Michigan and were settled on both sides of the southern end of the lake. After the Illinois were conquered (c.1765), they advanced into NE Illinois, S Michigan, and later NW Indiana. They were friendly to the French and aided them against the English. The Potawatomi supported Pontiac's RebellionPontiac's Rebellion,
 Pontiac's Conspiracy,
or Pontiac's War,
1763–66, Native American uprising against the British just after the close of the French and Indian Wars, so called after one of its leaders, Pontiac.
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, fought against the United States in the battles headed by Little Turtle, took part in the battle of Fallen Timbers, and signed the Treaty of Greenville (1795). They sided with the British in the War of 1812. With the advancing frontier, the Potawatomi retreated westward to Iowa and Kansas, although a portion went to Walpole Island in Canada. From the reservation in Kansas where they had gathered, a large group moved (1868) to Oklahoma Indian Territory; this group, which held lands in severalty, became known as Citizen Potawatomi. They also have reservations in Michigan and Wisconsin. In 1990 there were close to 17,000 Potawatomi in the United States; another group has a reserve in Ontario. Their name is also spelled Potawatami, Pottawatami, and Pottawatomi.

Bibliography

See R. Landes, The Prairie Potawatomi (1970).

References in periodicals archive ?
I thought maybe my father had been Menominee or Menominee-Winnebago instead of Pottawatomie because the man reminded me of him.
Flash flooding was first reported in Shawnee county but spread to Jackson Jefferson, and Pottawatomie counties as the thunderstorms continued to develop and track over the same areas during the early morning hours.
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Contracts were awarded for projects in Caddo, Blaine, Bryan, Choctaw, Cleveland, Coal, Craig, Garvin, Grady, Grant, Kiowa, LeFlore, McIntosh, Nowata, Oklahoma, Pottawatomie, Rogers, Stephens, Texas, Tulsa and Washita counties.
Manhattan, KS, October 23, 2016 --(PR.com)-- The Pottawatomie County Economic Development Corporation (PCEDC) started a bid to become an ACT Work Ready Community with the goal to close skills gaps and help local businesses recognize the skills workers need to be successful.
Six more state/federal Mobile Disaster Recovery Centers (DRCs) are opening in the following Oklahoma communities: Henryetta (Okmulgee County), Bartlesville (Washington County), Peggs (Cherokee County), Gore (Sequoyah County), Nowata (Nowata County) and Shawnee (Pottawatomie County).
July 4-5 at Oklahoma, Cleveland, Canadian and Pottawatomie county election boards.
Wamego, KS, October 22, 2016 --(PR.com)-- Bluestem Electric Cooperative (Bluestem) and the Pottawatomie County Economic Development Corporation (PCEDC) announces the purchase of approximately twelve acres of land by Bluestem in the Wamego Industrial Park east of Wamego.
Priority counties for funding include Cleveland, Creek, Lincoln, Logan, Noble, Oklahoma, Payne, Pottawatomie and Tulsa.
Oklahoma City, OK, December 04, 2013 --(PR.com)-- Precision Garage Door of Oklahoma City has opened, serving customers in the Oklahoma City Metro Area, specifically Canadian, Cleveland, Grady, McClain, Oklahoma and Pottawatomie counties.
Federal funding is available to State and eligible local governments and certain private nonprofit organizations on a cost-sharing basis for emergency work and the repair or replacement of facilities damaged by the severe storms, straight-line winds, tornadoes, flooding, landslides, and mudslides in the counties of Allen, Anderson, Atchison, Barber, Barton, Butler, Chase, Chautauqua, Cherokee, Clark, Clay, Cloud, Coffey, Cowley, Doniphan, Elk, Ellsworth, Franklin, Geary, Greenwood, Harper, Harvey, Hodgeman, Jefferson, Kingman, Leavenworth, Lincoln, Linn, Lyon, Marion, Marshall, McPherson, Meade, Montgomery, Morris, Nemaha, Neosho, Osage, Ottawa, Pawnee, Phillips, Pottawatomie, Pratt, Reno, Rice, Rush, Russell, Saline, Sumner, Wabaunsee, Washington, Wilson and Woodson.