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Related to Pottawattamie: Potawatomi Indians


(pŏt'əwŏt`əmē), Native North Americans whose language belongs to the Algonquian branch of the Algonquian-Wakashan linguistic stock (see Native American languagesNative American languages,
languages of the native peoples of the Western Hemisphere and their descendants. A number of the Native American languages that were spoken at the time of the European arrival in the New World in the late 15th cent.
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). They are closely related to the Ojibwa and Ottawa; their traditions state that all three were originally one people. The Potawatomi are of the Eastern Woodlands cultural area (see under Natives, North AmericanNatives, North American,
peoples who occupied North America before the arrival of the Europeans in the 15th cent. They have long been known as Indians because of the belief prevalent at the time of Columbus that the Americas were the outer reaches of the Indies (i.e.
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In the early 17th cent., when first encountered by the whites, the Potawatomi lived near the mouth of Green Bay in Wisconsin. By the end of the century, however, they had been driven (probably by the Sioux) S along Lake Michigan and were settled on both sides of the southern end of the lake. After the Illinois were conquered (c.1765), they advanced into NE Illinois, S Michigan, and later NW Indiana. They were friendly to the French and aided them against the English. The Potawatomi supported Pontiac's RebellionPontiac's Rebellion,
 Pontiac's Conspiracy,
or Pontiac's War,
1763–66, Native American uprising against the British just after the close of the French and Indian Wars, so called after one of its leaders, Pontiac.
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, fought against the United States in the battles headed by Little Turtle, took part in the battle of Fallen Timbers, and signed the Treaty of Greenville (1795). They sided with the British in the War of 1812. With the advancing frontier, the Potawatomi retreated westward to Iowa and Kansas, although a portion went to Walpole Island in Canada. From the reservation in Kansas where they had gathered, a large group moved (1868) to Oklahoma Indian Territory; this group, which held lands in severalty, became known as Citizen Potawatomi. They also have reservations in Michigan and Wisconsin. In 1990 there were close to 17,000 Potawatomi in the United States; another group has a reserve in Ontario. Their name is also spelled Potawatami, Pottawatami, and Pottawatomi.


See R. Landes, The Prairie Potawatomi (1970).

References in periodicals archive ?
The Supreme Court never ruled on the case, as the two men settled with Pottawattamie County before the court could act.
The Pottawattamie Courthouse asked that we send the form in at least three days before we planned to be married.
I continue to believe that "prosecutorial functions, had they existed in their modern form in 1871, would have been considered quasi-judicial." (14) Similarly, former Solicitor General Paul Clement, who represented the exonerated defendants in the case of Pottawattamie County v.
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The company serves the counties of Pottawattamie, Harrison, Shelby, C-ass, Adair, Adams, Montgomery, Mills, Fremont, Page and Taylor with Anheuser-Busch and Barton Beer products.
Daniels RB (1967) Soil landscapes in the thick loess of central Pottawattamie County, Iowa.
Bancorp, creating the nation's eighth biggest bank, Justice conditioned its approval on the merging giants' willingness to divest a grand total of 13 branch offices (including Pottawattamie County, Iowa), representing 0.7% of the combined firms' total deposits.
Nebraska Omaha-Council Omaha-Council Bluffs Ranally Metro Bluffs Area ("RMA"); portions of Douglas County, east of the Elkhorn River that are contiguous to the RMA, in Nebraska; and Pottawattamie County, excluding the eastern portion of the county, in Iowa.
In two years, voters will consider a referendum to keep gaming in Council Bluff's Pottawattamie County.
However, the video-visitation system being installed at Pottawattamie County Jail in Iowa is estimated to save the county $249,000 in construction, staff time and associated costs.
Homeowners and renters in the nine designated counties Fremont, Harrison, Louisa, Mills, Monona, Pottawattamie, Scott, Shelby and Woodbury are eligible for assistance.