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Related to Pottawattamie: Potawatomi Indians


(pŏt'əwŏt`əmē), Native North Americans whose language belongs to the Algonquian branch of the Algonquian-Wakashan linguistic stock (see Native American languagesNative American languages,
languages of the native peoples of the Western Hemisphere and their descendants. A number of the Native American languages that were spoken at the time of the European arrival in the New World in the late 15th cent.
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). They are closely related to the Ojibwa and Ottawa; their traditions state that all three were originally one people. The Potawatomi are of the Eastern Woodlands cultural area (see under Natives, North AmericanNatives, North American,
peoples who occupied North America before the arrival of the Europeans in the 15th cent. They have long been known as Indians because of the belief prevalent at the time of Columbus that the Americas were the outer reaches of the Indies (i.e.
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In the early 17th cent., when first encountered by the whites, the Potawatomi lived near the mouth of Green Bay in Wisconsin. By the end of the century, however, they had been driven (probably by the Sioux) S along Lake Michigan and were settled on both sides of the southern end of the lake. After the Illinois were conquered (c.1765), they advanced into NE Illinois, S Michigan, and later NW Indiana. They were friendly to the French and aided them against the English. The Potawatomi supported Pontiac's RebellionPontiac's Rebellion,
 Pontiac's Conspiracy,
or Pontiac's War,
1763–66, Native American uprising against the British just after the close of the French and Indian Wars, so called after one of its leaders, Pontiac.
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, fought against the United States in the battles headed by Little Turtle, took part in the battle of Fallen Timbers, and signed the Treaty of Greenville (1795). They sided with the British in the War of 1812. With the advancing frontier, the Potawatomi retreated westward to Iowa and Kansas, although a portion went to Walpole Island in Canada. From the reservation in Kansas where they had gathered, a large group moved (1868) to Oklahoma Indian Territory; this group, which held lands in severalty, became known as Citizen Potawatomi. They also have reservations in Michigan and Wisconsin. In 1990 there were close to 17,000 Potawatomi in the United States; another group has a reserve in Ontario. Their name is also spelled Potawatami, Pottawatami, and Pottawatomi.


See R. Landes, The Prairie Potawatomi (1970).

References in periodicals archive ?
Pottawattamie County, Iowa, (174) which was accepted for review after Van de Kamp, but before Connick.
SITECH Mid-Plains will serve heavy civil construction contractors in the state of Nebraska, with the exception of the county of Dakota, and including the county of Pottawattamie in Iowa involved in a range of earthmoving applications such as the construction of roads, highways, railways and airports as well as site prep for large commercial, industrial and residential projects.
7 million people throughout all of Nebraska and Pottawattamie County in Iowa, NORS works to maximize the recovery and quality of organs and tissues for transplantation, while maintaining a sensitivity, compassion and respect for people of all cultures.
Trimble announced today that a SITECHA Technology Dealer has been established in the state of Nebraska, except the county of Dakota, and including the county of Pottawattamie in Iowa.
Neighboring Iowa counties: Adair, Allamakee, Benton, Boone, Bremer, Buchanan, Butler, Calhoun, Carroll, Cass, Cedar, Clinton, Crawford, Dallas, Des Moines, Dubuque, Fayette, Floyd, Guthrie, Henry, Howard, Iowa, Jones, Linn, Louisa, Mitchell, Monona, Muscatine, Pottawattamie, Shelby, Van Buren, Washington, Webster and Winneshiek;
Comstock (whether federal civil commitment of "sexually dangerous persons" beyond their prison sentences is within Congress's powers); Pottawattamie County v.
enXco Development Corporation began construction of the Walnut Wind Project, located in Pottawattamie County, Iowa, in June 2008.
Griswold - the new cell site, located in southeast Pottawattamie County west of the town of Griswold near the intersection of 490th Street and State Highway 92, improves coverage north to U.
The President's action makes Federal funding available to affected individuals in the counties of Cass, Fremont, Harrison, Ida, Mills, Montgomery, Page, Pottawattamie, Shelby, Taylor, and Union.
SIRE recently purchased a 470-acre construction site from Pottawattamie County, which has ready access to transportation including two interstate highways and five rail carriers.
The President's action makes Federal funding available to the State and eligible local governments in the counties of Adair, Audubon, Buena Vista, Carroll, Cass, Clay, Crawford, Emmet, Greene, Guthrie, Hancock, Harrison, Humboldt, Kossuth, Monona, O'Brien, Palo Alto, Pocahontas, Pottawattamie, Sac, Shelby, Winnebago, and Wright.
Acquiring land rights to build the project required easements with 438 property owners in Pottawattamie, Cass, Adair, Madison and Dallas counties, and voluntary easement agreements were reached with 437 of the 438 property owners.