Potawatomi

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Potawatomi

(pŏt'əwŏt`əmē), Native North Americans whose language belongs to the Algonquian branch of the Algonquian-Wakashan linguistic stock (see Native American languagesNative American languages,
languages of the native peoples of the Western Hemisphere and their descendants. A number of the Native American languages that were spoken at the time of the European arrival in the New World in the late 15th cent.
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). They are closely related to the Ojibwa and Ottawa; their traditions state that all three were originally one people. The Potawatomi are of the Eastern Woodlands cultural area (see under Natives, North AmericanNatives, North American,
peoples who occupied North America before the arrival of the Europeans in the 15th cent. They have long been known as Indians because of the belief prevalent at the time of Columbus that the Americas were the outer reaches of the Indies (i.e.
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).

In the early 17th cent., when first encountered by the whites, the Potawatomi lived near the mouth of Green Bay in Wisconsin. By the end of the century, however, they had been driven (probably by the Sioux) S along Lake Michigan and were settled on both sides of the southern end of the lake. After the Illinois were conquered (c.1765), they advanced into NE Illinois, S Michigan, and later NW Indiana. They were friendly to the French and aided them against the English. The Potawatomi supported Pontiac's RebellionPontiac's Rebellion,
 Pontiac's Conspiracy,
or Pontiac's War,
1763–66, Native American uprising against the British just after the close of the French and Indian Wars, so called after one of its leaders, Pontiac.
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, fought against the United States in the battles headed by Little Turtle, took part in the battle of Fallen Timbers, and signed the Treaty of Greenville (1795). They sided with the British in the War of 1812. With the advancing frontier, the Potawatomi retreated westward to Iowa and Kansas, although a portion went to Walpole Island in Canada. From the reservation in Kansas where they had gathered, a large group moved (1868) to Oklahoma Indian Territory; this group, which held lands in severalty, became known as Citizen Potawatomi. They also have reservations in Michigan and Wisconsin. In 1990 there were close to 17,000 Potawatomi in the United States; another group has a reserve in Ontario. Their name is also spelled Potawatami, Pottawatami, and Pottawatomi.

Bibliography

See R. Landes, The Prairie Potawatomi (1970).

References in periodicals archive ?
Pottawattamie County, Iowa, (174) which was accepted for review after Van de Kamp, but before Connick.
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Terry Branstad has ordered all flags in Iowa be flown at half-staff from sunrise to sunset on Monday, May 8, 2017, to honor Pottawattamie Sheriffs Deputy Mark Burbridge, who was killed in the line of duty on May 1.
Louis cleared the way for two former prosecutors from Pottawattamie County, Iowa, to be sued for allegedly coaching witnesses to testify against two accused killers.
Martin, LA B368 Ocala Marion, FL B370 Gainesville Alachua, FL B372 Amarillo Potter, Randall, TX B374 San Antonio Bexar, Comal, Guadalupe, Wilson, TX B376 Oklahoma City Canadian, Cleveland, Logan, Mcclain, Oklahoma, Pottawattamie, OK B378 Baton Rouge East Baton Rouge, Livingston, West Baton Rouge, LA B380 Midland Ector, Midland, TX 7 B482 Chico Chico, CA B484 Provo Utah, UT B486 Modesto Stanislaus, CA B488 Boise City Ada, Canyon, ID B490 Las Vegas Mohave, AZ; Clark, Nye, NV B492 Yuma Yuma, AZ (1) Only partially included.
Omaha-Council Bluffs Rand McNally Marketing Area; the contiguous areas east of the Elkhorn River in Douglas County, Nebraska; and Pottawattamie County, Iowa, except the eastern two tiers of townships.
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8,100,000 County of Pottawattamie, Iowa revenue refunding bonds, series 2007E;