Pottery Kiln

Pottery Kiln

 

a furnace for firing ceramic articles used in highly developed pottery-making. The firing is done with hot gases, obtained by burning fuel; for complete firing an even temperature no lower than 700°-900° C, unattainable in an open-air fire or a domestic stove, is necessary.

The pottery kiln appeared in countries of the ancient east (Mesopotamia, Egypt) in approximately 3000 B.C. There were one-, two-, and three-tiered pottery kilns of the open or closed type. In ancient Rus’ two-tiered kilns were most common (the lower heating part was buried in the ground), but one-level pottery kilns also existed. Pottery kilns have two types of atmosphere: oxiding, the more common, produces articles made of red clay that show red in a cross section; reducing (with inadequate oxygen) produces articles made of red clay that show dark gray in cross section. Archaeological finds of kiln pottery in many ancient Russian cities attest to an extensive development of the craft of pottery making in Rus’.

REFERENCES

Gaidukevich, V. F. Antichnye keramicheskie obzhigatel’nye pechi po raskopkam ν Kerchi i Fanagorii ν 1929–1931 gg. Moscow-Leningrad, 1934.
Rybakov, B. A. Remeslo Drevnei Rusi. [Moscow,] 1948.
Mal’m, V. A. Gorny moskovskih goncharov XV-XVII vv. In Materialy i issledovania po arkheologii SSSR, no. 12. Moscow-Leningrad, 1949.
Bobrinskii A. A. “K izucheniu tekhniki goncharnogo remesla na territorii Smolenskoi oblasti.” Sovetskaia etnografia, 1962, no. 2.
Rabinovich, M. G. O drevnei Moskve. Moscow, 1964.

M. G. RABINOVICH

References in periodicals archive ?
Apart from keeping the Roman peace (Pax Romana) in these parts and enjoying the comforts of the bath house, the Fourth Cohort of the Breuci set up a pottery kiln in the Grimescar woods near Fixby.
Tenders are invited for To Construct And Install Energy Efficient Wood Fired Pottery Kiln Having Working Temperature Of 800 Degree Centigrade
The jug was made in a pottery kiln in nearby Drybridge Park and displays a woman attired in the fashion recorded in a famous illustrated book called the Luttrell Psalter in 1343, just five years before the arrival of the Black Death.
The Blyth Riverside Resource Centre on Coniston Road, which supports 60 adults, has recently been fitted with a new ceramics studio and a pottery kiln.
With an area of over 1,000 square metres, this building has a form based on an ancient tubular pottery kiln and displays works by artists from China as well as other parts of the world.
Birmingham school closed after fire caused by pottery kiln 5.
But it will be worth the wait when the New Futures Centre opens this autumn, with facilities ranging from a performance hall with stage, art rooms with pottery kiln and music rooms to especially dedicated fitness area, all weather football and basketball courts and a cafe for the youngsters to chill out.
A pottery kiln of the 14th century was also discovered which had a lot of ceramic wares.
Starting life as wet lumps of raw clay, the finished product doesn't emerge from the pottery kiln until about a week later and requires a ton of patient, tender-loving care (kneading, firing and hand-painting) during the finishing process.
Throwing light on the choice of name, Makhoul says it was inspired by the old pottery kiln, or "fourn," that stood in the center of the garden.
Kommos, unlike the other two, did not suffer fire at the end of the Second Palace Period, but Building T had already become dilapidated and adapted to very ordinary purposes (a pottery kiln was inserted and metalworking seems to have been carried out in a colonnade).
Hirsch built the first pottery kiln at Harvard in 1970, as part of an extra-curricular program.