Poultry Hatchery

Poultry Hatchery

 

an enterprise engaged in incubating the eggs and hatching the young of poultry to supply kolkhozes, sovkhozes, and the general population.

The first poultry hatcheries were organized in the USSR in 1929–30. In 1931 there were approximately 230 of them. They supplied about 11 million poults a year. As of Jan. 1,1971, there were 1,550 hatcheries with a total capacity for incubating approximately 210 million eggs. In 1970 they incubated 904.8 million eggs and hatched 708.4 million poults of all species of poultry. In addition to the state poultry hatcheries, which are part of the Poultry Industry of the USSR, there are kolkhoz and interkolkhoz poultry hatcheries. The state hatcheries obtain eggs for incubation on a contractual basis from the state poultry-breeding farms, poultry-breeding sovkhozes, or kolkhoz breeding farms. Some poultry hatcheries have their own breeding flock of certain breeds and lines. The TaPmenka poultry hatchery in Altai Krai, which incubates approximately 1.5 million eggs a year (1971), has a parental flock of hens (approximately 6,000) with a production of 210 eggs a year per hen. Interkolkhoz poultry hatcheries operate on the basis of contracts concluded by the joint owners of cooperative farms.

The eggs are set in incubators and the young are hatched strictly according to a schedule. The young are sold when they are one day old or raised until they are 30,60, or 90 days old; rearing departments are organized at some hatcheries for this purpose.

Poultry hatcheries have incubator houses, where two, four, six or more incubators are located, as well as accommodations for the parental flock, departments for rearing the poults, an emergency electric power station (if there is no reserve electrical transmission line), a garage, an office, and other auxiliary rooms or buildings.

Poultry hatcheries have greatly influenced the development of poultry breeding in the areas served by them. Hatchery specialists help the kolkhozes and sovkhozes to improve the technology of poultry breeding and to introduce advanced methods and scientific achievements.

I. V. NIKULITSKII and V. F. SHCHIGOREV

References in periodicals archive ?
The company's other efforts will see it establishing a poultry hatchery to help meet the needs of local producers, with a capacity to produce 50 million eggs a year.
The anaerobic co-digestion of the poultry hatchery and wastewater ensure the production of renewable energy, given the degradation performed by the microorganisms (Larsen et al.
Considering the above, this study aimed to verify the efficiency of the anaerobic co-digestion process in batch phase using poultry hatchery waste and different wastewaters generated in the production chains of poultry and swine through the evaluation of their potentials for the production of biogas, methane concentration and biofertilizer quality.
commercial broiler chicken farm, poultry hatchery and processing plant
Over a period of three years, Dar Al Tomouh will set up a commercial broiler chicken farm, poultry hatchery and processing plant and enter into contract farming with Omani farmers with buy-back arrangement.
Ordering baby chickens through the mail from a poultry hatchery is a great way to find some unusual breeds and varieties.
She started a poultry hatchery, turkeys included, about 10 years ago - a project to help keep her son busy.
blood meal, feather meal, leather shavings, silkworm pupae, poultry droppings, poultry offal meal, poultry manure and poultry hatchery byproduct) contain higher % of protein than the plant origin of unconventional feed resources (e.
Keeping its promise to poultry farmers, currently the NGO supports a functional poultry hatchery in the country and produces over 3,000 Day Old Chicks (DOCs) and 1 ton of poultry feed every week,