Povalo-Shveikovskii, Ivan

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Povalo-Shveikovskii, Ivan Semenovich


Born circa 1787; died May 10 (22), 1845, in the city of Kurgan. Decembrist, colonel (1816), commander of the Saratov Infantry Regiment from 1821.

Povalo-Shveikovskii began his military career in 1801. He served in the Patriotic War of 1812 and the foreign campaigns of 1813–14. In 1823, while in Bobruisk, he became a member of the Southern Society of Decembrists, on behalf of whom he traveled to St. Petersburg. He conducted negotiations with the Polish Patriotic Society. Povalo-Shveikovskii expressed agreement with the proposed regicide as well as a willingness to participate in an armed uprising. However, when an uprising of the Chernigov Regiment did break out in December 1825, he refused to participate. He was condemned to 20 years at hard labor and lived in exile in Kurgan from 1839.


Vosstanie dekabristov: Dokumenty i materialy, vol. 11. Moscow, 1954.
Ol’shanskii, P. Dekabristy i pol’skoe natsional’no-osvoboditel’noe dvizhenie. Moscow, 1959.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.