Also found in: Dictionary, Acronyms, Wikipedia.
Related to Prado: Toyota

Prado, Museo Nacional del

(prä`dō, Span. prä`thō), Spanish national museum of painting and sculpture, in Madrid, one of the finest in Europe. Situated on the Paseo del Prado, it was begun by the architect Juan de Villanueva in 1785 for Charles III, as a museum of natural history, and finished under his grandson, Ferdinand VII; the inaugural ceremony took place and the museum was opened to the public in 1819, when the collection consisted entirely of just over 1,500 Spanish paintings. The collection was expanded significantly in the 16th cent. under Charles V and was enlarged under the succeeding Hapsburg and Bourbon kings. It continued to be maintained by the royal family and was called the Royal Museum until 1868, when it became national property. The Prado's collection includes more than 17,000 paintings, sculptures, drawings, and prints. The Spanish, Flemish, and Venetian schools are particularly well represented. The collection includes masterpieces by Titian, Tintoretto, Veronese, Durer, Mantegna, van der Weyden, Rubens, Van Dyck, Dürer, Brueghel, Bosch, and many others. In addition, the works of Velázquez, El Greco, Ribera, and Goya can be seen nowhere else to such advantage. A large new extension to the museum, designed by Rafael MoneoMoneo, Rafael
(José Rafael Moneo), 1937–, Spanish architect, b. Tudela, Navarre. He received undergraduate (1961) and doctoral (1965) degrees from the Madrid School of Architecture, worked (1960–61) with Danish architect Jørn Utzon, and studied (1963–65)
..... Click the link for more information.
, opened in 2007.


See H. B. Wehle, Great Paintings from the Prado Museum (1963); F. V. Garin Llombart, Treasures of the Prado (1998); S Alcolea, ed., The Prado Museum (2002); A. E. Sanchez, The Prado (2d ed., 2006).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(National Museum of Paintings and Sculpture), an art museum in Madrid.

The Prado, which was built specifically to house a museum, is an outstanding example of late Spanish classicism (1785–1830). Designed by J. de Villanueva, the Prado opened in 1819. It initially housed the Spanish royal collections. The museum has an exceptional collection of Spanish painting from the 15th through the 19th centuries (El Greco, J. Ribera, F. Zurbarán, D. Velásquez, B. E. Murillo, F. Goya). There is also a rich collection of works by such important 16th century Italian masters as Raphael, A. del Sarto, and Titian. Also well represented are masterpieces of the Dutch school of the 15th and 16th centuries (Rogier van der Weyden, H. Bosch, A. Mor), the Flemish school (P. P. Rubens), and the French school (N. Poussin).


[Malitskaia, K.] Muzei Prado: Madrid (album). Moscow, 1971.
Sánchez, A. P. El museo del Prado. Barcelona, 1971.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


an art gallery in Madrid housing an important collection of Spanish paintings
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Galahad was keeping Prado at arm's length and though the champion often resorted to lunging forward, the challenger easily dealt with those forays.
Toyota has opened bookings for the new Land Cruiser Prado as of immediately, and the car will retail at a price of Rs 84,87,000 lakh, ex-showroom Delhi.
69) observa que a corrente historiografica de Caio Prado e de Novais caracteriza-se pela 'obsessao plantacionista', que considera simplificadora.
Torna & Prado Fine Art Collection is open to visitors from Monday to Friday, from 10:00 AM until 5:00 PM.
The owner's delighted words ring true when one notices the amount of high-end features packed into the Prado Classic, "It is by far the finest blend of features and value," he says.
Prado gave herself some sort of a redemption arc after getting relegated as a pinch server during the Reinforced Conference with guest players Janisa Johnson and Wilma Salas taking the bulk of the offense.
Army Corps of Engineers has changed Prado Dam's risk characterization from moderate urgency to high urgency, based on a recent assessment.
del Prado, chief of the Philippine Domestic Construction Board, said the government lacks construction evaluators who will assess the performance of firms completing infrastructure projects under the BBB program.
In its bicentenary year, the director of the Prado explains why the museum's collections are synonymous with the history of Spain--and how its outstanding Old Masters can appeal to new audiences