Praetorian Prefect

(redirected from Praefectus praetorio)

Praetorian Prefect

 

(Latin praefectus praetorio), in ancient Rome:

(1) The commander of the Praetorian Guard. The position of praetorian prefect was introduced during the rule of Augustus at the end of the first century B.C. Praetorian prefects were appointed from among the equites. Until the third century A.D., there were two praetorian prefects, later, only one. Some of them became powerful favorites, for example, Sejanus under the emperor Tiberius. The position was abolished during the reign of Constantine I at the beginning of the fourth century.

(2) The highest civilian position in a prefecture.

References in periodicals archive ?
At the end of Book 15 of his Res Gestae Ammianus Marcellinus reports how Strategius Musonianus became the successor of the murdered Domitianus as Praefectus Praetorio Orientis (PPO).
357 while at Antioch the sophist Libanius wrote a letter to his friend Anatolius in which he congratulated him on his appointment as praefectus praetorio Illyrici.(1) He expressed his pleasure at the conduct of Anatolius in his new appointment, and related a story which he had heard at Antioch from Musonianus, the praefectus praetorio Orientis.
This brought him within the jurisdiction of the praefectus praetorio Illyrici, Anatolius.