Crocodiles were not exhibited in the venationes until the aedileship of Marcus Aemilius Scaurus in 58 BC, so the only opportunity consumers would have had to familiarise themselves with the creatures would have been through works of Egyptianising art produced by Egyptian craftsmen such as the Praeneste
Nile Mosaic or, as is perhaps less likely, viewing them in their natural habitat during a trip to Egypt.
The actual juridical procedure is opened by a high prelate (Humbert de Moyenmoutier in 1059, Cono of Praeneste
in 1121, the "bishop of celebrated memory" in 1141, the Pope in 1148).
English readers will be interested to find that a former clerk from the chapel of William the Conqueror was among the three hermits who rounded what became the great house at Arrouaise, finishing his career as cardinal archbishop of Praeneste
. One may also note a lively reaction to Southern's suggestion that the school of Chartres was nowhere near as important as scholars used to think.
Sortilege at the oracular shrines of Praeneste
, Caere, Falerii, and Antium demonstrates clearly the wide acceptance that the notion of a connection between the gods and the lots had gained in the religious milieu of central Italy by the middle Republic.(20) Although Rome itself never possessed a cultic site where priests used sortition to divine the gods' will, good evidence from the early second century reveals the public's readiness to believe in a link between the two.
Se destacan los Charaxinos (ver foto anexa), Prepona praeneste
(Hew.), Asterope sapphira (Hbn.), Anaeomorpha splendida (Roths.), Polygrapha cyanea silvaorum (Const & Salz.) macho y hembra; Pseudocharaxes xenocrates (Ww.), Annagrapha anna (Stgr.), A.
Verrius Flaccus, his freedman, was inscribing his giant calendar in Praeneste
in the years AD 6-10.
In an earlier chapter, another project for the Barberini, the production of a series of reconstruction drawings of the ancient Sanctuary of Fortuna Primigenia in Palestrina (ancient Praeneste
), is treated in a somewhat more speculative way.
However, it more closely resembles the (Greek) altar of Zeus at Pergamum, or even of the (Roman) Sullan-era Fortuna Primigenia sanctuary at Praeneste
(ancient Palestrina), but with truncated wings.