Prairie Pothole Region

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Prairie Pothole Region,

large geographic area of central North America consisting of grass-covered wetlands. Stretching northwest from N Iowa through SW Minnesota, E South Dakota, E and N North Dakota, SW Manitoba, and S Saskatchewan to SE and E central Alberta (and including bordering areas of N Montana), the region is covered with thousands of shallow, sometimes seasonal ponds known as potholes or sloughs, which were created when continental glaciers retreated more than 10,000 years ago. The area is the summer home and breeding grounds of some 45 million mallard, pintail, gadwall, and teal ducks as well as many other shore-, song-, and gamebirds, and is popular with hunters and birdwatchers. Located in an important agricultural region, the ponds were routinely drained by farmers to plant wheat and other crops prior to 1985, and the bird and wildlife population had fallen precipitously. The 1985 U.S. federal farm bill, however, provided for conservation subsidies and, in a "swampbusters" provision, withdrew agricultural subsidies from farmers who drained wetlands. As a result, grass replaced wheat in many parts of the region, providing habitat for birds and other animals and leading to an increase in their populations. The program also aided the efforts of family farmers to keep their land by providing funds that counteracted economic losses resulting from low grain prices.
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References in periodicals archive ?
In Sargeant's original study of waterfowl predation, electric fences were being employed experimentally in WPAs throughout the Prairie Pothole Region, and while the tactic was still relatively new and untested, electric fences proved to be an effective deterrent against predation.
Purina, which operates three pet food manufacturing facilities in Iowa (in Clinton, Fort Dodge and Davenport) and sources high-quality ingredients for its dog and cat food products from farms across the state, has committed $1 million to help promote sustainability of the supply chain and improve recreational use of wetlands and lakes across the state's Prairie Pothole Region.
While these habitats are not as productive as the prairie pothole region, they are consistent from year to year, and provide enough suitable habitat to support a healthy mallard population.
Breeding bird richness in the Prairie Pothole Region of Minnesota.
rule that increased protections on intermittent streams, so vital in trout spawns, and wetlands, like the Prairie Pothole Region, that incubate much of this country's waterfowl.
Located in the heart of the prairie pothole region, there were lots of pheasants and waterfowl a few miles from town and plenty of prairie grouse and Hungarian partridge to the west.
NORTH AND SOUTH DAKOTA, particularly the landscape known as the Prairie Pothole Region, a network of wetlands formed by glaciers 10,000 years ago, exude a moody, rugged allure.
The increases are attributable to good management and adequate rains in the prairie pothole region where most ducks breed.
Bird populations, especially Ring-necked Pheasants, Sage Grouse, grassland birds, and ducks from the Prairie Pothole region in the northern Great Plains, enjoy a less bleak outlook since the CRP's inception.
Prairie Pothole Region. More than 600 landowners lined up to put native grasslands under perpetual easements, forever conserving the crucial breeding habitat of North America's waterfowl.
* Conservation Practice 37, or the "Duck Nesting Habitat Initiative," will be increased by 50,000 acres for states in the Prairie Pothole Region with the majority of the allotment going to North Dakota and South Dakota.

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