Praxiteles

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Praxiteles

(prăksĭt`əlēz), fl. c.370–c.330 B.C., famous Attic sculptor, probably the son of CephisodotusCephisodotus
, Gr. Kephisodotos, fl. 4th cent. B.C., two Greek sculptors. The elder, the master and probably the father or the brother of Praxiteles, is noted for the statue Irene and Plutus [Peace and Wealth]. The original was erected on the Areopagus at Athens c.
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. His Hermes with the Infant Dionysus, found in the Heraeum, Olympia, in 1877, is the only example of an undisputed extant original by any of the greatest ancient masters. It was discovered in the same place where PausaniasPausanias,
fl. A.D. 150, traveler and geographer, probably b. Lydia. His Description of Greece is an invaluable source for the topography, monuments, and legends of ancient Greece. There are translations by J. G. Frazer and W. H. S. Jones.
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 had seen it 17 centuries earlier. The workmanship of the sculptor can be judged directly from it—the delicate and perfect modeling, as well as the strength and grace of conception, are characteristic of his figures. His most renowned statues are lost entirely or known only through Roman imitations. Out of some 50 works mentioned as his in ancient writings, the one chosen as finest of all was the Aphrodite of Cnidus. There is a copy in the Vatican. Of the Eros of Thespiae, only the fame remains. Praxiteles made several statues of young satyrs; the one in the Capitoline Museum (Rome) is celebrated in Hawthorne's Marble Faun. Other copies of the sculptor's works are Apollo Sauroktonus (Vatican); Apollino (Florence); and Silenus and Dionysus (Louvre). All of these illustrate his choice of youthful gods and other beings in which joy of life finds expression. Praxiteles' modeling of face and hair and his treatment of the surface of the marble are unsurpassed. Praxiteles also created works in bronze, e.g., the Apollo Sauroktonos described by Pliny the ElderPliny the Elder
(Caius Plinius Secundus) , c.A.D. 23–A.D. 79, Roman naturalist, b. Cisalpine Gaul. He was a friend and fellow soldier of Vespasian, and he dedicated his great work to Titus.
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 in the 1st cent. A.D. The piece thought by many to be the original of this bronze was purchased by the Cleveland Museum of Art in 2004.

Praxiteles

 

Born circa 390 B.C., in Athens; died circa 330 B.C. Ancient Greek sculptor, a representative of late classicism.

Praxiteles, the son and pupil of the sculptor Cephisodotus, worked primarily in Athens. His works, executed for the most part in marble, are known from ancient copies and the writings of ancient authors. The only original that has been preserved is the group Hermes with the Infant Dionysus (c. 340 B.C., Olympia Museum), which was found at Olympia. A number of scholars consider the Hermes to be a copy. In his early works, such as The Resting Satyr (c. 375 B.C.), Praxiteles basically followed the principles of Polyclitus. A contemplative mood predominates in his representations of the gods and goddesses. The artist attained an idyllic and sensitive spiritual quality through an extremely refined working of the marble and a virtuoso play of light and shadow. The latter causes the separate surfaces to flow smoothly into each other, giving the sculpture a “moist appearance.”

Among Praxiteles’ best-known works are Apollo Sauroktonos (Apollo Killing a Lizard, c. 370 B.C.), Aphrodite of Cos (c. 360–350 B.C.), Aphrodite of Cnidus (c. 350 B.C.), and The Resting Satyr. The Aphrodite of Cos seems to have held a mirror, and the Aphrodite of Cnidus, Praxiteles’ most famous work in antiquity, is represented disrobing before bathing.

REFERENCES

Zeest, I. B. Praksitel’. Moscow, 1941.
Belov, G. D. Praksitel’. Leningrad, 1973.
Rizzo, G. E. Prassitele. Milan-Rome, 1932.

Praxiteles

4th-century bc. Greek sculptor: his works include statues of Hermes at Olympia, which survives, and of Aphrodite at Cnidus
References in periodicals archive ?
Dans le recit de Lucien, la rumeur populaire pretend que le jeune homme qui a souille l'Aphrodite de Praxitele en a ete honteux et s'est precipite dans la mer.
Not until he revised The Portrait of a Lady for the New York Edition did he acknowledge the Praxiteles statue.
Asi, por ejemplo, en una misma tela convivian al unisono el Hermes de Praxiteles con un destello de luz rojiza--como esos que destacan las estampas populares a los santos tras sus cabezas, pero esta vez adulterada con un color proclive a la cibernetica--, la que tambien se replicaba de la misma manera en el pequeno Dionisos que Hermes sostiene en su brazo izquierdo; ambos delante de una piel de leopardo y un mar con el horizonte diagonal en el fondo.
Although the fourth-century BCE marble statue by Praxiteles does not survive, its appearance is known from dozens of copies in various media and from literary descriptions of the statue, all of which postdate Praxiteles' work by several centuries.
El termino balada--que como sabemos tiene sus origenes en los cantos cortesanos de la Edad Media--, consiste en la mezcla de estrofas de versos octosilabos con estribillo, musica y danza; Barba Jacob lo recupera para hacer un canto con referencias geograficas especificas y alusiones a los siguientes personajes: Praxiteles, famoso escultor griego del siglo iv a.
Therefore, if we only remember that in the latter years of the fourth century Theodosius II brought the Aphrodite of Cnidos of the same Praxiteles to his court in Lausus (36), it is not hard at all to suspect that Constantine himself or any other emperor after him might have brought to the city this other Praxitelean work.
La validez de proceder asi, privilegiando el estudio de segmentos especificos se refuerza con la reflexion de Bernard-Henri Levy en dialogo con Michel Houellebecq, en Enemigos publicos (2010), donde se enfatiza que el arte se presenta de manera fundamental en el fragmento: "El arte, de igual manera, es este verso; es esta pagina de prosa, un golpe de cincel de Praxiteles o una pincelada de Uccello; es un raccord genial, el "y" a principio de frase de Madame Bovary, el suplemento intelectual que aporta una novela de Philip Roth; es una foto de Richard Avedon; es una pagina autobiografica de Gombrowicz, una escena de Esquilo o de Racine; si, todo esto es mayor, local y definitivamente mayor, incluido en una misma obra de un mismo artista" (2010: 275-276).
Pero ya desde los tiempos de Fidias y Praxiteles, de Miguel Angel y Velazquez, el artista es tambien un sabio, un explorador, un combatiente, un caballero y un heroe, y aspira a ese reconocimiento desde los inicios de la modernidad en occidente, hasta su apoteosis con Baudelaire y Van Gogh, con Picasso y Stravinski.
It is no surprise, then, to find out that the American writer found inspiration for his last novel in the statue of the Faun by Praxiteles in the Museo Laterano.
The truth is, Genin's music speaks for itself, and my introduction enhances what it has to say more or less the way a Victorian frockcoat button would enhance a marble bust by Praxiteles.
Sera na Grecia que encontraremos tres caracteristicas esteticas, de acordo com Eco (2004): a beleza ideal, que representa a natureza humana de forma idealizada e nao realistica; a beleza espiritual, em que o escultor Praxiteles, por exemplo, buscava a expressao da alma no olhar de suas esculturas e a Beleza funcional ou Beleza util, que interpretamos como a eliminacao de ornamentos superfluos nas muitas representacoes em marmore da figura humana representada pelos escultores gregos.