Pre-Alps

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Pre-Alps

 

a peripheral zone of the Alps, the mountain ranges that surround on the south, west, and north the high, primarily crystalline masses of the axial zone. The Pre-Alps, which are generally separated from the axial zone by longitudinal tectonic and erosion valleys, are composed primarily of limestones, marls, sandstones, and shales. Elevations reach 2,000–3,000 m. Characteristic is the alternation of tableland massifs and broad intermontane valleys and troughs, which are sometimes filled by lakes (Bodensee, Maggiore, Garda). Glaciers are found only in the highest parts. In the north there are mixed hardwood and coniferous forests; in the south there are sparse chestnut woodlands and low evergreen formations at low elevations and hardwood and coniferous forests at higher elevations. The Pre-Alps are divided into the Venetian and Lombardy regions in the south, the French region in the west, and the Swiss, Bavarian, and Austrian regions in the north.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
So started the friendship with a great man and devoted priest, so far from his birthplace on June 26, 1925, in Bellune, Italy, which is in the North Pre-Alps area.
Both restaurants offer al fresco dining and great views of the valley toward Grasse and the pre-Alps, as do many of the rooms, which are a mixture of conversions and new build.
A jagged bolt of lightning split the sky as storm clouds rolled in over the pre-Alps. Viewed from the comfort of the hotel's outdoor Jacuzzi it made a dramatic, if slightly surreal scene.
In the background, rising in magnificent splendor, are the pre-Alps and behind them the snow-capped Alps.
The Alps and pre-Alps cover 60 per cent of the country.
His house, Les Charmettes, still gazes across a terraced herb garden towards the mauve wrinkles of the pre-Alps: "Never," wrote Rousseau in his Confessions of 1781, "did I think so much, exist so vividly, and experience so much myself ...
The route crosses the relatively low Pre-Alps rane, bordering the country's French- and German-speaking regions.
Along the shores of Lake Constance, near the charming Swiss village of Arbon, kilometres of orchards and pastureland seem to stretch without interruption toward the distant Alpsteins, or pre-Alps, to the south.