Preah Vihear


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Preah Vihear

(prĕ vēhēr`), Thai Phra Viharn (prä wē`hän), Hindu temple dedicated to Shiva, N central Cambodia near the Thai border. Situated on the edge of a plateau overlooking the N Cambodian plain, the temple was begun in the 9th cent. and completed in the 11th cent. and predates Angkor Wat (see under AngkorAngkor
, site of several capitals of the Khmer Empire, north of Tônlé Sap, NW Cambodia, for about five and a half centuries (9th to 15th), the heart of the empire.
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). Comprised of a series of sanctuaries linked by pavements and staircases, it is an outstanding example of Khmer architecture.

Claimed by both Cambodia and Thailand, the temple was awarded to Cambodia by the World Court in 1962, but Thailand continues to claim it. The site was occupied by the Khmer RougeKhmer Rouge
, name given to native Cambodian Communists. Khmer Rouge soldiers, aided by North Vietnamese and Viet Cong troops, began a large-scale insurgency against government forces in 1970, quickly gaining control over more than two thirds of the country.
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 for years. Preah Vihear was designated a Cambodian World Heritage Site in 2008, a decision that infuriated the Thais. Subsequently, thousands of soldiers from both sides occupied the area, which has been the scene of several military skirmishes. In 2011 the International Court of Justice called for both nations to withdraw their troops from several square miles surrounding the temple and create a demilitarized zone; both governments removed their troops in July, 2012, and replaced them with police. The court subsequently (2013) awarded sovereignty over most of the disputed land around the temple to Cambodia.

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References in periodicals archive ?
Preah Vihear provincial governor Un Chanda is to replace Chamroeun in Kampong Cham province, while Svay Rieng deputy provincial governor Prak Sovann becomes Preah Vihear provincial governor.
On 23 April 2012, I went on my first extended field trip to the border province of Preah Vihear in northern Cambodia and I was surprised.
Washington: A new hospital facility in Preah Vihear is a symbol of the incredible change over the last 20 years in Cambodia's health care system.
A number of publications have appeared on this issue since 2008, when the temple ruins of Preah Vihear were listed as a unesco World Heritage site of Cambodia which caused conflict on the border between Thailand and Cambodia.
The International Court of Justice (ICJ) in The Hague is to hold a week of hearings after Phnom Penh asked two years ago for an interpretation on the Preah Vihear temple.
Cambodian Foreign Minister Hor Namhong said Friday that Cambodia will withdraw its troops next week from the disputed border area with Thailand near the world heritage Preah Vihear Temple.
Phnom Penh (Cambodia), Dec 22 (ANI): Cambodia and Thailand have reached a deal to withdraw their troops from a disputed border area near the ancient temple of Preah Vihear.
Cambodia in late April launched a bitter legal battle before the ICJ in which it asked for an interpretation of a 1962 ICJ ruling around the 900-year-old Preah Vihear temple.
At issue in the conflict is 4.6 square kilometers that adjoin a millennium-old Hindu temple known as "Preah Vihear" to Cambodians and "Phra Viharn" to Thais.
Thai and Cambodian troops most recently clashed on February 4-7 near Preah Vihear Temple, a UNESCO world heritage site about 200 km east of the location of the latest skirmish, leaving five dead.