Premature Birth

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Premature Birth


the premature ending of pregnancy, the birth of a premature infant. According to various statistics, 2.5 to 5–6 percent of all births are premature. There are various causes of premature birth. Some are associated with the fetus, and others with the mother. The causes include congenital defects in the development of the ovum, hydramnios, anomalies of placental attachment, improper fetal position, gestoses, previous abortions, multiple pregnancy, chronic and acute infections (brucellosis, toxoplasmosis, listeriosis, influenza, tonsillitis, viral hepatitis), inflammatory processes of the sexual organs, neoplasms, infantilism, and muscular insufficiency of the upper uterine cervix. Neuroendocrine disorders (ovarian and thyroid functional disturbances, diabetes) can also cause premature birth. Women with diseases of the kidneys, liver, and cardiovascular and nervous systems often give birth prematurely.

Conservative treatment is directed toward removing the basic causes of the premature birth. Surgery is required when there is muscular insufficiency of the upper uterine cervix. Treatment is administered before and during pregnancy. Preventive and therapeutic measures are directed toward detecting and removing the basic causes of premature birth. Such measures consist primarily of prenatal care of both the mother and fetus.


Persianinov, L. S. “Profilaktika i lechenie pri nedonashivanii beremennosti.” In Zhenskaia konsul’tatsiia, 2nd ed. Minsk, 1962.
Konstantinov, V. I. “Nedonashivanie i perenashivanie beremennosti.” In Mnogotomnoe rukovodstvo po akusherstvu i ginekologii, vol. 3, book 1. Moscow, 1964.
Bodiazhina, V. I., A. I. Liubimova, and I. S. Rozovskii. Privychnyi vykidysh. Moscow, 1973.


References in periodicals archive ?
In addition, the outlook for preemies born in recent years might be different, Gupta noted.
Having one preemie greatly increases the risk for another.
Maybe their preemie hiccups, averts her gaze, or even holds up her hand in a "stop" sort of gesture.
Lungs with CLD are stiff; the preemie with CLD may be too weak to move enough air to survive.
Would "preemie" Christopher beat the odds and win his fight for survival?
Additionally, the 'Tinis for Preemies gala provides a platform from which to debut each new year's honorees.
"This pathway can be dangerous when the preemie's immature gut becomes inflamed from exposure to the bacteria normally present in the intestine," he said.
Charity Night, held the first Monday of every month at the yarn and gift shop, has sent bags of hats and mittens, 20 afghans, 42 comfort dolls, helmet liners, preemie caps, children's blankets and slippers to numerous charities, here in the local area and abroad.
Als might not guffaw at the idea that preemies don't feel pain.
He noted that IGF-1 might have beneficial side effects since it's involved in the normal growth of the lungs and gut, which often remain underdeveloped in preemies.
Toledo, OH, May 18, 2017 --( Graham's Foundation (, the global support organization for parents going through the journey of prematurity, has debuted a duo of redesigned care packages for preemie parents in the NICU and families with preemies making the transition home.
Extremely premature babies, known as 'micro preemies', need constant care at home.