Preferential Voting


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Preferential Voting

 

under majority rule systems that require an absolute majority, a method of voting that ensures conclusive results from an election and thus eliminates the need for a second round of balloting. In preferential voting, voters mark their preferences on the ballot, indicating with the numbers 1, 2, 3, and so on the candidates who are their choices, in order of preference. When the results are first tallied, the first-choice votes are counted. If no one receives an absolute majority, the votes given to the last-place candidate are redistributed among the other candidates, and the last-place candidate is eliminated. This procedure is repeated until some candidate achieves the necessary majority of votes.

Different forms of preferential voting (alternative voting, the single transferrable vote system) are used in Ireland, India, and Australia. Preferential voting may also be used, as it is in Italy, to supplement a proportional system; in this case it serves to determine which candidates on the party slate receive the right to terms of office.

References in periodicals archive ?
Even if the trouble is taken to introduce voting on behalf of a future generation, voters not given this preferential voting right can change their voting behavior in a way that weakens the effectiveness of such an electoral system.
Those who argue for preferential voting rights to be accorded to some specific classes of citizens-taxpayers, college graduates, or even just 'good people'-are unwittingly advocating for the institutionalization of inequality.
"We have nothing against circling a greater number of candidates on a slate or against introducing preferential voting in local elections.
The new electoral law, approved by Parliament in June, features changes to electoral districts and introduces two new components: proportional representation (PR) and preferential voting. It is certainly more complicated than the electoral systems used in the past, but Executive has prepared a guide to help readers understand both how to cast ballots and how their votes will be counted.
The inconclusive Brexit should now be put on the back-burner and the Queen's Speech should include an Act of Parliament to allow by law a Convention of the People, to produce a written constitution with clauses governing the way referenda are introduced and conducted, along with an act to amend FPTP to a ranking preferential voting system (AV) for all elections.
Certain electoral peculiarities: including compulsory and preferential voting, an unassailable independent Electoral Commission, and a distinct rural party (the Country Party and its later incarnation).' (1)
Thanks to preferential voting for the Welsh, Scottish and London Assemblies and our mayors, we have to work not just for our Labour vote, but the second preferences of others.
The rally had been organised by the SLFP on the theme 'Let's Abolish the Preferential Voting System - Bring Victory to 20A
Candidates need more than 50 percent of the vote to win in a complicated system of preferential voting. It was not immediately clear how a January election would affect plans for Pope Francis to visit the island on January 13-15.
In addition, they cover increase in the size of election funds of political parties and introduction of preferential voting to allow the electors to vote for a particular candidate among others.
In conclusion under FPTP all votes that are not for the winner don't count, using a PR system, such as the single transferable vote (STV), which uses preferential voting in multi-member constituencies, means all votes coun.