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(pen name of Dhanpat Rai Shrivastava). Born July 31, 1880, in Lamati, near Benares; died Oct. 8, 1936, in Benares. Indian writer and publicist writing in Urdu and Hindi.

Premchand worked as a teacher and school inspector. His literary work was influenced by the Indian national liberation movement. His first short-story collection, Love For the Homeland (1909), was burned by the British authorities. The political awakening of the masses and their struggle for social rights and national liberation are themes of Premchand’s novels The Abode of Love (1922), Arena (1925; Russian translation, 1967), The Battlefield (1932; Russian translation, 1958), and The Sacrificial Cow (1936; Russian translation, 1956) and of his collections Seven Lotuses (1917) and Military Road (1932). Premchand condemned colonial and feudal despotism, medieval backwardness, and religious fanaticism. His sharp criticism of colonialism incurred persecution from the authorities.

Premchand’s works combine current political and social problems with perceptive characterization. A democratic writer, he regarded the common people as the chief support of society, championed humanist ideals, and praised the successes of socialist construction in the USSR. Premchand was the founder of critical realism in Urdu and Hindi literature. His publicistic writings and his journals Hans (1930–36) and Jagaran (1932–34) helped strengthen realistic and democratic literature in India. He was also a founder of the Progressive Writers’ Association of India (1936), which had an important influence on Indian literatures.


Manasarovara, vols. 1–8. Benares, 1953–56.
Gupta dhana, vols. 1–2. Allahabad, 1962.
Vividha prasanga, vols. 1–3. Allahabad, 1962.
In Russian translation:
Kolodets tkhakura. Moscow, 1955.
Zmeinyi kamen’ Moscow, 1957.
Rasskazy; Nirmala. Moscow, 1958.
Rastrata. Moscow, 1961.
Ratnyi put’: Rasskazy. Moscow, 1969.


Balin, V. Premchand-novellist. Leningrad, 1973.
Premchand: Biobibliografich. ukazatel’. Moscow, 1962.
Rajeshvar Guru. Premacand: Ek adhyayan. Bhopal, 1958.
Qamar Ra’is. Premacand ka tankidi mutali ba haithiyat navil nigar. Aligarh, 1959.
Rai Amrit. Premacanda: Kalam ka sipahi. Allahabad, 1962.
Gopal, Madan. Munshi Premchand: A Literary Biography. New York, 1964.


References in periodicals archive ?
Mohammad Khaskheli and Premchand were deprived of their bikes and cell phone at Khipro road by unknown armed robbers.
Ismat Apa Ke Nm (Urdu), celebrates the writing of the ever glorious Ismat Chugtai, A Walk In The Woods (English), tells a story about the Indian-Pakistan relationship by Lee Blessing, which is also Ratna's debut as director; and Katha Collage, a play that tells three stories and pays homage to two famous Indian writers Munshi Premchand and Kamtanath.
Yadav was also the editor of the famous "Hans" magazine, which was originally launched by the legendary writer, Munshi Premchand.
Premchand (a retired official of the International Monetary Fund) explores the relationship between society and government in India since independence.
KARACHI, July 29 -- Elderly Nathi, grandmother of Premchand Maharaj, one of the ill-fated passengers onboard the plane that crashed into the Margalla Hills near Islamabad, wished to see her grandson - the only male member of the family - as a well-placed officer.
Our partnership with Network Physics will let us significantly expand both our solution and our service offerings to customers concerned with protecting their investment in critical enterprise applications," said Premchand Kurup, CEO at Paramount Computer Systems.
He was also interested in Urdu language and literature, particularly the realistic early novels of Munshi Premchand.
Yadav was also the editor of the famous 'Hans' magazine, which was originally launched by the legendary writer, Munshi Premchand.
Another person, identified as Premchand, 55, also hanged himself to death ithe Industrial District of the city.
Sahi, a 16- member publicity committee ( led by Kripa Nath Pathak) and a 10- member media committee headed by Premchand Mishra.
According to the Gulf News, the suicides come in the wake of another Indian, identified as Premchand, 55, committing suicide in the city's industrial district.
Only a few weeks ago, another person, identified as Premchand, 55, committed suicide in the Industrial District of the city.