Premchand


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Premchand

 

(pen name of Dhanpat Rai Shrivastava). Born July 31, 1880, in Lamati, near Benares; died Oct. 8, 1936, in Benares. Indian writer and publicist writing in Urdu and Hindi.

Premchand worked as a teacher and school inspector. His literary work was influenced by the Indian national liberation movement. His first short-story collection, Love For the Homeland (1909), was burned by the British authorities. The political awakening of the masses and their struggle for social rights and national liberation are themes of Premchand’s novels The Abode of Love (1922), Arena (1925; Russian translation, 1967), The Battlefield (1932; Russian translation, 1958), and The Sacrificial Cow (1936; Russian translation, 1956) and of his collections Seven Lotuses (1917) and Military Road (1932). Premchand condemned colonial and feudal despotism, medieval backwardness, and religious fanaticism. His sharp criticism of colonialism incurred persecution from the authorities.

Premchand’s works combine current political and social problems with perceptive characterization. A democratic writer, he regarded the common people as the chief support of society, championed humanist ideals, and praised the successes of socialist construction in the USSR. Premchand was the founder of critical realism in Urdu and Hindi literature. His publicistic writings and his journals Hans (1930–36) and Jagaran (1932–34) helped strengthen realistic and democratic literature in India. He was also a founder of the Progressive Writers’ Association of India (1936), which had an important influence on Indian literatures.

WORKS

Manasarovara, vols. 1–8. Benares, 1953–56.
Gupta dhana, vols. 1–2. Allahabad, 1962.
Vividha prasanga, vols. 1–3. Allahabad, 1962.
In Russian translation:
Kolodets tkhakura. Moscow, 1955.
Zmeinyi kamen’ Moscow, 1957.
Rasskazy; Nirmala. Moscow, 1958.
Rastrata. Moscow, 1961.
Ratnyi put’: Rasskazy. Moscow, 1969.

REFERENCES

Balin, V. Premchand-novellist. Leningrad, 1973.
Premchand: Biobibliografich. ukazatel’. Moscow, 1962.
Rajeshvar Guru. Premacand: Ek adhyayan. Bhopal, 1958.
Qamar Ra’is. Premacand ka tankidi mutali ba haithiyat navil nigar. Aligarh, 1959.
Rai Amrit. Premacanda: Kalam ka sipahi. Allahabad, 1962.
Gopal, Madan. Munshi Premchand: A Literary Biography. New York, 1964.

V. I. BALIN

References in periodicals archive ?
Memon has selected and translated 25 short stories by writers such as Munshi Premchand, Saadat Hasan Manto, Intizar Husain and Naiyer Masud to name a few, that he considers the best in the history of Urdu literature.
I had just entered the film industry and I must say that I wasn't even familiar with the story except for the surface because Premchand was somebody so revered that time.
Azmi, who herself acted in the film, based on a Munshi Premchand short story, said she was overwhelmed to get an offer from Ray at such an early stage of her career.
Mumtaz Mufti won Sitara-e-Imtiaz (Star of Excellence) Award by the President of Pakistan in 1986 and Munshi Premchand Award (a literary award from India) in 1989.
Bipy Prabhakar, 36, complained of severe chest pain at around 2am in his accommodation in Tubli, his friend Premchand Madhubhavan told the GDN.
So when Minister for Minority Affairs Eknath Khadse says Madarsas will not admit students from the Hindu and Chrisitian communities (I don't think there are too many families like that of Premchand or Raja Ram Mohun Roy who would want to send their children to Madarsas anyway), and they should be seen as littke more than religious schools, Siddiqui has a question for him.
Summary: Premchand Kurup, Chief Executive Officer, Paramount, shares trends in information security and how it impacts the systems integrator's business.
Yadav was also the editor of the famous "Hans" magazine, which was originally launched by the legendary writer, Munshi Premchand.
Bhratashree"- a comical satire is inspired by Munshi Premchand 's Bade Bhaisaheb - where the central character Bade Bhaiya is awed and respected by village people.
Premchand (a retired official of the International Monetary Fund) explores the relationship between society and government in India since independence.
KARACHI, July 29 -- Elderly Nathi, grandmother of Premchand Maharaj, one of the ill-fated passengers onboard the plane that crashed into the Margalla Hills near Islamabad, wished to see her grandson - the only male member of the family - as a well-placed officer.
BANKING AND CREDIT NEWS-22 April 2010-CRISIL cuts ratings on Dharampal Premchand to BB/P4+(C)1994-2010 M2 COMMUNICATIONS http://www.