Premolars and Molars

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Premolars and Molars

 

teeth with one root and more than one root, respectively, in the majority of mammals and man. The chewing surface of the molars is usually ridged or furrowed (ungulates, rodents).

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The mesiodistal widths of the permanent incisors, canines, premolars and molars were measured in millimeters (mm) by Hunter and Priest Method21 by using a digital vernier caliper (Mitutoyo, Japan) having accuracy and reproducibility in the range of 0.01mm (Figure 1).
AZKB 01, a mandible with incisors, canines, premolars and molars (AZKB-Azad Jammu and Kashmir, district Bhimber).
robustus, exhibit a suite of uniquely derived characters relating to an extreme development of their teeth, especially premolars and molars, and jaws.
Measures of average total length (ATL) and reference average working length (ATL--1 mm) of seconds premolars and molars, according published data by Ingle & Bakland.
In normal natural dentition, there exists an anteroposterior curve that passes through the cusp tip of the mandibular canine and the buccal cusp tip of the mandibular premolars and molars, and that extends in a posterior direction to pass through the most anterior point of the mandibular condyle, originally described by Ferdinand Graf Spee in 1890.
All maxillary incisors and canines were heavily restored with composite restorations, and all maxillary premolars and molars were heavily restored with amalgam restorations.
This variant is seen mostly in mandibular second molars, although it can also appear in maxillary and mandibular premolars and molars. (2,3) The main anatomic feature of C-shaped canals is the presence of a fin or web connecting individual mesial and distal canals, which causes the canal axial section to have a C-shape, and which hinders thorough cleaning, shaping, and obturation.
Few of us look far enough back in our dogs' mouths to appreciate this, but dogs' premolars and molars are far pointier than human molars.
Researchers in South Korea said that transplantation of PDLSCs into beagle dogs modeled with advanced periodontal (gum) disease that affected their premolars and molars was most successful.
Incisors and canines are used to capture or kill prey, whereas premolars and molars are designed to crush and chew.