Premyslids

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Přemyslids

 

from the ninth to 14th centuries the Bohemian princely and royal dynasty, named after its legendary founder Přemysl, a peasant plowman from the village of Stadic. Beginning in the 12th century, the Přemyslids became hereditary kings. The best-known members of the dynasty were Otakar I Přemysl (reigned 1198–1230), Vaclav I (1230–53), and Otakar II Přemysl (1253–78).

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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The Premyslids were a middle European dynasty that ruled Bohemia and Moravia from the 880s to 1306, says Kalhous (early medieval history, Masaryk U., Brno, Czech Republic), and are virtually unknown to anglophone scholars.
Anatomy of a duchy; the political and ecclesiastical structures of early Premyslid Bohemia.
German minnesingers evidently served in the royal court of the last Premyslids, Wenceslas I, Premysl Otakar II and Wenceslas II (from the second third of the 13th to the beginning of the 14th century).
In the third quarter of the 9th century (863--885), Byzantine influence and a liturgy in the Slav language reached Greater Moravia for what was to be a short period through the mission of Constantine and Methodius (It is interesting that in the 14th century Charles IV tried to revive the eastern liturgy in Old Slavonic not just by donation to the Sazava Monastery but also by founding the Monastery "Na Slovanech"--"At the Slavs" in Prague.) Christianity had at this early stage gained a greater hold in Moravia than in Bohemia (where the Premyslid Prince Borivoj accepted baptism only at the end of the 9th century), and so pagan sources evidently continued to play more of a role in musical culture in Bohemia in the subsequent century.
The defeat and death of the Czech king in the battle of Durnkrut in 1278 put an end to the imperial pretensions of the Premyslids and established those of the Habsburgs, who now became Hungary's neighbours." (57)
In the Middle Ages there had existed a sovereign Bohemian state, which had been ruled for four centuries (to 1307) by an indigenous Czech dynasty, the Premyslids. The pinnacle of its medieval glory came under the Holy Roman Emperor Charles IV, known to Czechs as the "Father of the Homeland" (Otec vlasti), who made Prague his imperial capital.
Communist party leader Klement Gottwald conceptualized this as "redressing Bila hora" and correcting "the mistakes of our Czech kings, the Premyslids, who invited the German colonists here".(144) The record of the Germans' presence was swiftly wiped from the landscape: the Neues Deutsches Theater became the Smetanovo divadlo, the Deutsches Casino was reborn as the Slovansky dum (Slavonic House).
There is abundant testimony in medieval sources of Czech resentment at the growing wealth and power of Germans, who had been settling in Bohemia for two centuries at the behest of Premyslid kings seeking to encourage crafts, cities and commerce.(73) A sense of Czech nationhood is not an exclusively modern phenomenon.
The one-time Premyslid seat of Vysehrad is a location central to old Czech legend, but it is also one which Hanka's own manuscripts had done much to revivify.
His companions on Brozik's and Frantisek Zenisek's lunettes are Premysl the ploughman, the mythical founder of the Premyslid dynasty, St Methodius translating the Bible into "the Slav language" in Rome in 885, and Jan Amos Komensky presenting his pedagogic works to Amsterdam town council in 1657.
He had acquired considerable knowledge of the papal chancery and of Hohenstaufens, Hohenzollerns, and Habsburgs, while learning little of the Byzantine empire and nothing whatsoever of Piasts, Premyslids, and Ruriks.