Prenatal Care


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Wikipedia.

Prenatal Care

 

the aggregate of hygienic, organizational, and therapeutic-prophylactic measures directed toward the creation of optimal conditions for the normal development of the human fetus and the prevention of congenital diseases, developmental anomalies, and afterbirth (perinatal) deaths. Various diseases in the mother before or during pregnancy may adversely affect the fetus and lead to premature birth, developmental defects, various diseases in the uterine or later life of the infant, and sometimes to the death of the fetus. The maternal organism, acted upon by the external environment, becomes in its turn the external environment of the fetus, interaction with which is effected mainly through the circulatory system of the afterbirth—placenta. For this reason, the mother’s condition before and during pregnancy is important for the development of the embryo and the fetus in the first days and weeks of pregnancy.

Prenatal care includes the early observation of pregnant women; early discovery ..treatment, and prophylaxis of infectious, cardiovascular, and other diseases and toxicoses of pregnancy; rational diet; prohibition of medications and X-ray radiation without a doctor’s prescription; prohibition of alcohol and tobacco; sufficient oxygen saturation of the mother’s organism; residence in a special sanatorium or rest home for pregnant women; a proper regimen of work and rest; therapeutic exercise; psychoprophylactic preparation for giving birth; and the future mother’s visit to a school for motherhood. Qualified help at childbirth is very important. Early tests for the blood group and Rh factor of the pregnant woman are performed.

Prenatal care is effected by the whole system of Soviet public health and motherhood and childhood protection, which are directed toward prophylaxis. Prenatal care is also stipulated in special legislation pertaining to women workers in general and to pregnant women in particular. This legislation includes pregnancy and childbirth leaves and grants and other measures. Fulfillment of these measures and their immediate execution are provided by women’s consultation offices, the social-legal bureaus connected with them, maternity homes, and medical and genetic consultation offices that give prophylaxis and treatment for hereditary diseases.

REFERENCES

“Nauchnaia sessiia po probleme ‘Antenatal’nyi period zhizni i prob-lemy ego okhrany’.” In Tezisy dokladov. Moscow, 1961.
Flamm, G. Prenatal’nye infektsii cheloveka. Moscow, 1962. (Translated from German.)
Zhenskaia konsul’tatsiia. Edited by L. S. Persianinov. Minsk, 1966.

A. L. KAPLAN

References in periodicals archive ?
While expecting mothers typically spend 10-20 minutes with their doctors at each visit in traditional prenatal care, Expect With Me features 10 two-hour care sessions during the second and third trimesters, with the first few sessions held one month apart, moving to biweekly care later in the pregnancy.
There were no differences in age, ethnicity, parity, length of hospital stay, presence or degree of fever, or heart rate at admission between women with or without established prenatal care.
Interventions should be created to encourage women with negative maternal attitudes to use prenatal care and to ensure that they have access to the care they need.
An integrative review of national policy, quality, and maternity care leaders indicated that providing efficient prenatal care visits resulted in fewer, more concise visits, and fewer sonograms, achieving positive pregnancy outcomes for both mother and infant as well as cost effectiveness (Budenholzer, 1999).
Two of the four sites included prenatal care as part of the clinic services.
This issue is a top priority for ACOG and deserves research to explore issues of HIV testing for women during prenatal care (ACOG, 2004).
4 states require the minor to be of a specific age before she can consent to prenatal care.
In recent years, some studies have found that prenatal care has not been significant in improving low birth weight (Joyce, Gibson, and Colman, 2005; Lien and Evans, 2005; Reichman and Teitler, 2005).
The Wellstar doctors and nurses, known as Prenatal Care Defendants, moved for summary judgment on the grounds that the statue of limitations for bringing suit against them had run.
Bailey conducted a chart review of 221 women who received prenatal care at a family medicine clinic in 2002 and 2003.
Given continuing racial/ethnic differences in birth outcomes and prenatal care utilization, the purpose of this study is to examine whether CHCs contribute to reducing these disparities.
Confounding variables analyzed were the effect on labor pain management choices of parity, race, prenatal care participation, insurance status, and length of labor.