Presbyterian Church

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Related to Presbyterian Church: Methodist Church, Episcopal Church
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Presbyterian Church


the name in common usage for the Calvinist churches in Scotland (founded by J. Knox) and England that arose in the second half of the 16th century. Rejecting the Anglican Church, the English Presbyterians, or moderate Puritans, attained importance as a political party during the English Bourgeois Revolution of the 17th century and temporarily came to power. Also at that time, the Presbyterian creed, the Westminster Confession, was drawn up at the Westminster Assembly (1643–49).

Each national Presbyterian church represents all the congregations of believers within it. Every congregation is governed by a consistory, or session, made up of the pastor (minister) and the presbyters (from Greek presbyteros, “elder”), who are elected from among the laity. Several congregations form an association headed by a presbytery, or classis, of the pastors and presbyters from each congregation. Provincial and national synods exercise authority over the associations.

In addition to Scotland and England, Presbyterian churches are found in the USA (approximately 4.4 million members by the early 1970’s), Canada, Australia, and New Zealand. In essence, the Presbyterian churches do not differ from the orthodox Calvinist churches of continental Europe, which have come to be known as Reformed churches, and which have united with the Presbyterian Church in the World Alliance of Reformed Churches (founded in 1875; known by the present name since 1970).

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Israel/Palestine Mission Network of the Presbyterian Church (USA) is a mission network of the Presbyterian Church (USA) with a mandate from the denomination's General Assembly (2004) to work "toward specific mission goals that will create currents of wider and deeper involvement with Israel/Palestine."
For more information about Central Presbyterian Church please contact Kimberly Raley-Kimes, Communications and Learning Coordinator, at 404-601-3124 or
As a member of Rockwood Presbyterian Church, John served as Sunday school superintendent, clerk of session and representative elder to presbytery.
For the next 14 years, churches such as Central Presbyterian Church have been working actively to remove this injustice and restore the Presbyterian Church to its historic qualifications, based on faith and not one's sexual orientation or practice.
Despite the success of the Presbyterian Church of Saint David, an ominous apocalyptic tone lurks throughout the book.
The Presbyterian Church of Wales has over 30,000 members in more than 700 churches, as well as having strong links with churches abroad.
The 2nd Circuit affirmed the judge's order in Fifth Avenue Presbyterian Church v.
Albert Lutz, minister of Solihull Presbyterian Church, which meets at Cranmore Infant School, Shirley, said everyone was welcome to attend the meeting.
At the same time I'm disappointed that it's not happening within the Presbyterian Church, because that's where I've done most of my activism.
Ian Paisley, founder of the Free Presbyterian Church and leader of the largest political party in Northern Ireland, the Democratic Unionists, which has the strongest backing of Protestants from the region, has rejected the declaration.
Goshow Architects announced the completion of a new 13,000 s/f Christian Education Center situated beneath the existing Fifth Avenue Presbyterian Church in New York City.
Hard-line Moderator of the Presbyterian Church of East Africa, the Rev David Githii, said: 'These Masonic objects give off a Satanic power.

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