Presbyterian Church


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Related to Presbyterian Church: Methodist Church, Episcopal Church

Presbyterian Church

 

the name in common usage for the Calvinist churches in Scotland (founded by J. Knox) and England that arose in the second half of the 16th century. Rejecting the Anglican Church, the English Presbyterians, or moderate Puritans, attained importance as a political party during the English Bourgeois Revolution of the 17th century and temporarily came to power. Also at that time, the Presbyterian creed, the Westminster Confession, was drawn up at the Westminster Assembly (1643–49).

Each national Presbyterian church represents all the congregations of believers within it. Every congregation is governed by a consistory, or session, made up of the pastor (minister) and the presbyters (from Greek presbyteros, “elder”), who are elected from among the laity. Several congregations form an association headed by a presbytery, or classis, of the pastors and presbyters from each congregation. Provincial and national synods exercise authority over the associations.

In addition to Scotland and England, Presbyterian churches are found in the USA (approximately 4.4 million members by the early 1970’s), Canada, Australia, and New Zealand. In essence, the Presbyterian churches do not differ from the orthodox Calvinist churches of continental Europe, which have come to be known as Reformed churches, and which have united with the Presbyterian Church in the World Alliance of Reformed Churches (founded in 1875; known by the present name since 1970).

References in periodicals archive ?
In July 2010, the General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church (USA), meeting in Minneapolis, voted in favor of Amendment 10A, which would replace exclusionary language and restore the historic language of ordination standards based on faith.
Despite the success of the Presbyterian Church of Saint David, an ominous apocalyptic tone lurks throughout the book.
Ngalle, who came to the United States from Cameroon in 1999, spent his first year here searching for a Presbyterian church.
Located on the corner of 55th Street and Fifth Avenue in New York City, The Fifth Avenue Presbyterian Church was designed in the Gothic Revival style by Carl Pfeiffer in 1873.
BRYNLEY F ROBERTS General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church of Wales, Aberystwyth.
From the time of its formation during the American Civil War until the close of World War Two, the Presbyterian Church in the United States (the Southern Presbyterian Church), like most of its sister denominations, gave allegiance and practically unquestioning support to the foreign-policy decisions and wars in which the nation became embroiled.
At least two traits deserve note on the Presbyterian Church (U.
ATLANTA -- Decatur Presbyterian Church today announced that the Chancel Choir under the direction of Matthew McMahan, Choirmaster and Organist, will perform "A Candlelight Concert of Christmas Music" on June 2, 2007 at 7:00 p.
17, 2015 /PRNewswire/ -- First Presbyterian Church of Fort Lauderdale (First Pres), 401 SE 15th Ave.
Bob served on the Board of the Renewal Fellowship of the Presbyterian Church in Canada.
Guder's August 11 presentation, hosted by the Lambertville Presbyterian Church and titled “Western Christendom: Fact and Fiction,” will allow participants to consider the historical claim that western societies were “Christian societies” and the problems that arise in this claim for both Christianity and society.

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