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Related to Presbyterians: Congregationalists
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



the moderate wing of the English and Scottish Puritans; a political party during the English Bourgeois Revolution of the 17th century.

Presbyterianism was founded in Scotland in the mid-16th century by J. Knox, a follower of Calvin. It was recognized as the state religion of Scotland in 1592. Presbyterianism demanded strict standardization, simplification, and economization in church worship; the replacement of bishops by elected elders (presbyters); centralization of the church; and decreased church dependence on secular authority.

Presybyterian congregations arose in England in the 1570’s. At the beginning of the revolution, the Presbyterians acquired significance as a political party, expressing the interests of the merchants and bourgeoisie, as well as some of the new nobility. The Presbyterians had a firm majority in the Long Parliament from 1640 to 1648. In 1643 the Solemn League and Convenant with Scotland was concluded under their influence, and in 1644, Presbyterianism became the state religion of England. The Presbyterians feared a deepening of the revolution and strove for an agreement with the king. This provoked discontent not only among the broad masses of the people but also among radical circles of the bourgeoisie and the new nobility who were grouped around the Independents. This situation led to the expulsion of the Presbyterians from the Long Parliament in Pride’s Purge in late 1648. After the death of O. Cromwell in 1658, the Presbyterians sought to regain power and to conclude an agreement with the king. In 1660 they helped to bring about the restoration of the Stuarts, after which they dropped out of the political arena as a party.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The second building used by the First Presbyterian Church congregation was the current Christian Church located behind the Randolph County Courthouse and purchased in 1921.
At Lena in the RM of Turtle Mountain, the Presbyterians had a building which was used by the Methodists and the Anglicans for their worship services.
They published "12 Things Presbyterians Should do Before They Die" and I must say, I found myself agreeing with them.
At the Presbyterians' General Assembly in June, 71% of delegates voted to change the marriage definition in the church's Book of Order to include same-sex couples.
To many Presbyterians and Jews, it was also deeply troubling.
The training is intended to help solidify a network of Presbyterians across the country who are committed to working for immigration reform and who are equipped to address the needs of immigrants in their communities.
Chapters 3 to 5 analyze the intra-puritan argument between the presbyterians and an emergent congregationalism.
In 1997, conservative Presbyterians were successful in the ratification of an amendment to our Book of Order that made "fidelity in a marriage between a man and a woman," and "chastity in singleness" a threshold standard that must be met for ordination.
"We're hoping very much to re-engage and continue the momentum," said Pam Byers, executive director of the Covenant Network of Presbyterians. "As more Presbyterians recognize that they know good, faithful gay Presbyterians, it becomes harder to maintain this exclusion."
Theology For Liberal Presbyterians And Other Endangered Species by Douglas F.
The region of Mizoram, in north east India, is sending missions to Wales a century after Welsh Presbyterians brought Christianity to them.

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