Preschool Institutions

Preschool Institutions

 

institutions for the social upbringing of infants (from one to three years of age) and children of preschool age (three to seven years of age). In the USSR the system of preschool institutions includes créches, créche-kindergartens, and kindergartens. V. I. Lenin ascribed enormous importance to the development of pre-school institutions, which he called the “shoots of communism.” In the article “A Great Beginning” he wrote: “Public catering establishments, nurseries, kindergartens—here we have examples of these shoots, here we have the simple, everyday means, involving nothing pompous, grandiloquent, or ceremonial, which can really emancipate women, really lessen and abolish their inequality with men as regards their role in social production and public life”(Poln. sobr. soch., 5th ed., vol. 39, p. 24).

In the USSR, social preschool upbringing, an organic part of the public education system, enjoys the attention and concern of the Communist Party and the Soviet government. The upbringing of children in preschool institutions is based on a single scientific program worked out by Soviet preschool pedagogy. As of Jan. 1, 1971, there were 83,000 kindergartens and créche-kindergartens with a combined enrollment of 8.1 million children. There are special preschool institutions under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Public Health of the USSR for children with physical and mental handicaps. Specialists who work in preschool institutions are trained at pedagogical colleges and institutes. The Doshkol’noe vospitanie (Preschool Upbringing) deals with work experiences obtained in preschool institutions and methods and theories of social preschool upbringing.

In foreign countries preschool institutions are known by various names, including kindergarten, maternal school, infant school, Montessori school, play centers for young children, and day care centers.

M. V. ZALUZHSKAIA

References in periodicals archive ?
8% of preschool institutions do not meet the requirements.
Trifunovic's canton, which has been working with Unicef on preschool education for several years, has 22 preschool institutions included in the Dubai Cares programme.
Turkish preschool institutions are also rare, with 7,000 out of 12,000 children having to attend Greek institutions.
The region of Vojvodina has 44 preschool institutions in 42 counties and the city of Novi Sad.
Other descriptions on policy and practice exist, based on brief visits of preschool institutions or through the study of changing policies (Dunstan, 1982; Ispa, 1994; Jacoby, 1971; Kirschenbaum, 1993; Kreusler, 1970; Raby, 1990; Tudge, 1991; Weaver, 1971).
Capital Construction Department of the mayor's office of Bishkek announced bids for rehabilitation of several preschool institutions.
The model of the user interface will be created according to needs of preschool children (aged 6-7), further it will include representative preschool institutions in multinational regions in the following cities of Vojvodina: Zrenjanin, Novi Sad and Subotica.
In total, the event attracted 46 preschool institutions.
The state program will help over to make major repairs to schools and preschool institutions.
The Ministry of Education and Science together with partner organizations presented the results of an extensive analysis of the system of financing of preschool institutions on April 14.
There are 7 preschool institutions in Talas district, which work with 840 children.
Weeks of improvement the health of women of childbearing age, children and adolescents will be conducted monthly, and all children of preschool institutions and schools will undergo preventive medical examinations annually.